Table 2: Demographics, dietary patterns, and health conditions of centenarians of varying BMI classification: The Georgia Centenarian Study.

BMI ≤201
Median, range,
mean ± SD, or %
BMI >20 and < 251
Median, range,
mean ± SD, or %
BMI ≥ 251
Median, range,
mean ± SD, or %
P

Age100.5, 98.1–106.0
100.8 ± 1.8
100.2, 98.1–105.2
100.5 ± 1.8
99.6, 98.1–108.5
100.2 ± 2.1
.051
Gender2
 Women34.5 (68)41.1 (81)24.4 (48).042
 Men13.9 (5)58.3 (21)27.8 (10)
Race2
 White33.2 (61)46.2 (85)20.6 (38).015
 African American24.5 (12)34.7 (17)40.8 (20)
Living arrangements2
 Skilled nursing facility43.6 (44)35.6 (36)20.8 (21).002
 Community22.0 (29)50.0 (66)28.0 (37)
B-vitamin supplements3
 No61.6 (45)63.7 (65)74.1 (43).281
 Yes38.4 (28)36.3 (37)25.9 (15)
Total food score44.0, 0–53.0, 0–52.0, 0–5
.046
 <337.0 (27)49.0 (50)55.2 (32).097
 ≥363.0 (46)51.0 (52)44.8 (26)
Meat, fish, poultry intake (servings/day)
 <241.1 (30)57.8 (59)60.3 (35).041
 ≥258.9 (43)42.2 (43)39.6 (23)
Milk and dairy product intake (servings/day)
 <245.2 (33)55.9 (57)59.6 (34).210
 ≥254.8 (40)44.1 (45)40.4 (23)
Green vegetable intake (servings/week)
 <46.8 (5)4.9 (5) 8.6 (5).644
 ≥493.2 (68)95.1 (97)91.4 (53)
Orange and yellow vegetable intake (servings/week)
 <39.6 (7)11.8 (12)20.7 (12).148
  ≥390.4 (66)88.2 (90)79.3 (46)
Total fruit (servings/day)
 <350.7 (37)66.7 (68)70.7 (41).034
 ≥349.3 (36)33.3 (34)29.3 (17)
Citrus fruit intake (servings/dly)
 <127.4 (20)34.3 (35)50.0 (29).025
 ≥172.6 (53)65.7 (67)50.0 (29)
Noncitrus fruit intake (servings/day)
 <124.7 (18)34.3 (35)46.6 (27).032
 ≥175.3 (55)65.7 (67)53.4 (31)
Orange and yellow vegetable intake (servings/week)
 <423.3 (17)24.5 (25)41.4 (24).038
 ≥476.7 (56)75.5 (77)58.6 (34)
Total fruit and vegetables (servings/day)
 <317.8 (13)25.5 (26)37.9 (22).033
 ≥382.2 (60)74.5 (76)62.1 (36)
Needs help at mealtime
 Yes42.5 (31)29.4 (30)24.1 (14).060
 No57.5 (42)70.6 (72)75.9 (44)
Eats a typical diet of regular foods
 Yes50.0 (36)77.4 (79)74.1 (43).0003
 No-foods modified50.0 (36)22.6 (23)25.9 (15)
Body weight change in past 3 months
 Loss28.2 (20)20.6 (20)12.3 (7).040
 Gain15.5 (11)7.2 (7)19.3 (11)
 No56.3 (40)72.2 (70)68.4 (39)
Appetite loss in past 3 months
 Yes (moderate/severe)11.3 (8)13.9 (14)5.3 (3).249
 No loss88.7 (63)86.1 (87)94.7 (54)
Systolic BP, mmHg122, 90–160
124.4 ± 14.5a
125, 100–165
126.2 ± 12.7a
130, 110–190
134.4 ± 17.6b
.0013
 <14086.3 (63)81.4 (83)67.2 (39).022
 ≥14013.7 (10)18.6 (19)32.8 (19)
Diastolic BP, mmHg72, 56–100
73.0 ± 8.5
73, 46–100
73.2 ± 8.8
75, 38–100
76.0 ± 11.1
.261
 <9095.9 (70)96.1 (98)86.2 (51).031
 ≥904.1 (3)3.9 (4)13.8 (8)
Diabetes5
 Yes8.2 (6)3.9 (4)15.5 (9).036
 No91.8 (67)96.1 (98)84.5 (49)
Anemia6
 Yes63.2 (43)44.4 (44)47.4 (27).048
 No36.8 (25)55.6 (55)52.6 (30)
CVD5
 Yes58.9 (43)61.8 (63)69.0 (40).482
 No41.1 (30)38.2 (39)31.0 (18)
Cancers5
 Yes31.5 (23) 31.4 (32)24.1 (14).574
 No68.5 (50)68.6 (70)75.9 (44)
Stroke5
 Yes23.3 (17)21.6 (22)22.4 (13).964
 No76.7 (56)78.4 (80)77.6 (45)
Depression5
 Yes20.6 (15)11.8 (12)10.3 (6).163
 No79.4 (58)88.2 (90)89.7 (52)
Current or past tobacco use5
 Yes25.0 (18)31.4 (32)28.1 (16).654
 No75.0 (54)68.6 (70)71.9 (41)
Current tobacco use5
 Yes1.4 (1)3.9 (4)3.5 (2).612
 No98.6 (71)96.1 (98)96.5 (55)

Means with different superscripts are significantly different, .
1 for BMI ≤20; for BMI > 20 and < 25; for BMI ≥ 25.
2 Percentages add up to 100% across a row. Number of participants represented by each percentage is included in brackets ().
3B vitamin supplements included multivitamin/mineral, B vitamins, or single oral supplements of vitamin B12.
4Total food score ranged from 0 to 5 and one point was given for meeting each recommended serving from five food groups as follows: two or more servings of meat, poultry, or fish daily, two or more servings of dairy foods daily, four or more servings of green vegetables weekly, three or more servings of orange or yellow vegetables weekly, and three or more servings of fruit daily (16).
5Information obtained from participant or a proxy by self-report.
6Based on laboratory values and defined as hemoglobin <12 g/dL for females or <13 g/dL for males (20).