Table 3: Hazard ratios for mortality by dental health behaviors among subjects with teeth, Leisure World Cohort Study, 1992–2009.

MenWomen
No.Model 1*Model 2* No.Model 1*Model 2*
HR95% CIHR95% CIHR95% CIHR95% CI

Brush my teeth in the morning

Everyday11961.001.0030141.001.00
Sometimes1761.030.87–1.211.080.91–1.292501.140.99–1.311.130.98–1.30
Never1710.940.79–1.120.950.80–1.122030.990.85–1.15151.010.86–1.17

Brush my teeth at night before bed

Everyday11121.001.0028951.001.00
Sometimes2221.171.01–1.371.130.97–1.323501.171.03–1.321.131.00–1.28
Never2091.361.16–1.581.341.14–1.572221.191.02–1.381.191.02–1.38

Brush my teeth during the day

Everyday2651.001.009651.001.00
Sometimes5210.990.85–1.160.950.81–1.1214981.010.92–1.100.980.90–1.07
Never7571.090.94–1.261.060.91–1.2310041.141.03–1.251.101.00–1.21

Use dental floss

Everyday4621.001.0015721.001.00
Sometimes6031.181.03–1.341.141.00–1.3012261.050.97–1.141.030.95–1.12
Never4781.311.15–1.501.271.11–1.466691.311.19–1.451.281.16–1.42

Use mouth wash

Everyday4001.001.0011341.001.00
Sometimes5430.990.87–1.141.010.88–1.1612491.000.91–1.090.980.90–1.07
Never6000.920.80–1.050.930.81–1.0710840.980.89–1.071.000.91–1.10

Use a tooth pick

Everyday3631.001.007101.001.00
Sometimes6610.930.81–1.070.950.83–1.1013060.990.89–1.100.980.88–1.09
Never 5191.000.87–1.151.010.88–1.1614511.050.95–1.161.040.94–1.15

Brush my teeth

Everyday morning, day and night2171.001.008701.001.00
Everyday morning and night, not everyday day6461.060.90–1.241.010.86–1.2016791.040.95–1.141.010.93–1.11
Everyday night, not everyday morning/day2490.960.80–1.170.960.79–1.173461.000.87–1.140.980.86–1.13
Everyday morning/day, not everyday night3501.261.06–1.511.190.99–1.434961.131.00–1.281.090.97–1.24
Not everyday811.411.08–1.831.371.05–1.80761.911.49–2.441.771.38–2.28

Brush my teeth at night before bed among subjects who use dental floss everyday

Everyday4031.001.0014321.001.00
Sometimes261.200.79–1.821.280.82–1.99770.940.72–1.230.870.66–1.15
Never331.360.92–1.991.330.87–2.01631.230.93–1.621.210.91–1.60
Use dental floss among subjects who brush teeth at night before bed everyday

Everyday4031.001.0014321.001.00
Sometimes4221.171.01–1.361.140.98–1.339881.040.95–1.141.020.93–1.12
Never2871.261.08–1.481.251.06–1.484751.241.11–1.391.201.07–1.34

Number of dental visits within the last 12 months

2+11731.001.0026711.001.00
12351.050.91–1.221.060.91–1.235051.040.94–1.161.070.96–1.18
01351.481.23–1.791.461.21–1.772911.331.17–1.511.311.14–1.50

*Model 1: adjusted for age at entry.
   Model 2: adjusted for age at entry, smoking, alcohol, caffeine, active activities, other activities, body mass index, high blood pressure, angina, heart attack, stroke, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and cancer.