Table 1: Descriptives and ANOVA results for study variables.

VariablesPrivate homesAssisted living facilitiesNursing homesOne-way ANOVA
M (SD)M (SD)M (SD)

(1) Age99.76 (1.71)100 (2.00)101 (2.10)
(2) Sex76.2% female86% female87.6% female
(3) Mental status (MMSE)20.43 (7.09)19.44 (7.87)11.37 (8.24)***
(4) Years of education11.65 (3.87)13 (3.05)11.15 (3.59)
(5) Economic sufficiency2.56 (.63)2.67 (.48)2.73 (.47)
(6) ADLs37.11 (7.43)37.42 (7.03)33.98 (8.88)**
(7) Physical health1.87 (.76)1.85 (.62)1.82 (.91)
(8) Mental heath2.02 (.62)1.94 (.57)1.73 (.76)*
(9) Self-efficacy5.66 (2.09)5.64 (2.63)5.50 (1.98)
(10) Social resources1.81 (.78)1.83 (.75)1.96 (.84)
(11) Social provisions35.19 (2.15)35.24 (2.55)34.39 (2.73)

* Private homes differed from nursing homes, ;
** Private homes and assisted living facilities differed from nursing homes, ;
*** Each was significantly different from the other, .