Table 1: Baseline characteristics of participants who survived (survivors) or died (decedents) Total .

Characteristics (range of scores)Survivors
(68%)
Decedents
(32%)
P Value

Age, years74.4 (6.3)78.6 (6.5)<.001
Education, years14.1 (3.7)13.9 (3.0).339
Women 66.0% (291)
Men 34.0% (149)
195; 67%
102; 69%
96; 33%
47; 31%
<.001*
Beliefs in just world (BJW: self) (8–48)32.8 (4.1)20.4 (4.7)<.001
Beliefs in just world (BJW: others) (8–48)22.7 (2.1)21.8 (3.0).461
Future time perspective (FTP) (10–70)36.8 (6.1)29.9 (7.6)<.001
Future self-continuity (FSC)—15 yrs (14–70)32.0 (3.5)24.0 (2.1)<.001
Trust: interpersonal and society (12–60)33.1 (5.1)29.5 (6.1)<.05
Distrust: interpersonal and society (12–60)27.5 (5.1)39.9 (6.2)<.001
Control (30–150)69.6 (4.8)67.0 (5.9).239
High satisfaction with social support (percentage)61%48%<.001
Number of medical visits in preceding year, at baseline: 5.9 (2.1) 6.1 (2.8).139
Self-esteem (10–30)16.8 (5.2)15.9 (6.9).239
High physical functions score (percentage)31%22%<.001
IADL disabilities (12 items)5.00 (2.0)6.00 (2.7).330

Note: All data are presented as mean ratings and (standard deviations) unless otherwise indicated. P values are based on t-tests; *denotes variables where P values are based on χ 2 tests of association.