Table 6: OLS regression models for loneliness, life satisfaction, and perceptions of the aging experience.

Base model + Social contact + ADLs + Loneliness
Coeff. (SE)Coeff. (SE)Coeff. (SE)Coeff. (SE)

Panel A. Model for Loneliness

Age 90–104.09 (.04)*−.02 (.04)−.07 (.04)+
Female.09 (.02)***.01 (.02).01 (.02)
Blacka.06 (.03)+.01 (.03)−.01 (.03)
Hispanica.05 (.05).04 (.05).04 (.05)
Otherb−.07 (.06)−.07 (.06)−.06 (.06)
Education, yrs−.02 (.00)***−.02 (.00)***−.01 (.00)***
Not married.24 (.03)***.22 (.03)***
Lives alone.02 (.03).04 (.03)
Comorbidities.03 (.01)***
1 ADL limitationb.15 (.03)***
2+ ADL limitationsb.20 (.03)***
Constant1.68 (.05)***1.59 (.04)***1.46 (.05)***
squared0.0300.0750.100

Panel B. Model for Life Satisfaction

Age 90–104.03 (.08).19 (.08)*.33 (.09)***.26 (.08)***
Female−.05 (.04).08 (.04)*.06 (.04).06 (.04)+
Blacka−.23 (.07)***−.17 (.07)*−.11 (.07)−.11 (.07)
Hispanica.16 (.10).17 (.10)+.16 (.10).13 (.09)
Otherb.34 (.12)**.34 (.12)**.33 (.11)**.26 (.11)*
Education, yrs.04 (.01)***.04 (.01)***.03 (.01)***.02 (.01)*
Not married−.38 (.07)***−.30 (.07)***−.12 (.07)+
Lives alone−.04 (.08)−.10 (.07)−.07 (.07)
Comorbidities−.12 (.02)***−.09 (.02)***
1 ADL limitationb−.39 (.07)***−.28 (.07)***
2+ ADL limitationsb−.52 (.08)***−.38 (.08)***
Loneliness−.79 (.04)***
Constant3.88 (.11)***4.03 (.11)***4.45 (.11)***5.61 (.12)***
squared0.0170.0400.0810.193

Panel C. Model for Aging Experience

Age 90–104−.47 (.09)***−.42 (.09)***−.21 (.09)*−.24 (.08)**
Female.02 (.05).06 (.05).04 (.05).02 (.04)
Blacka.04 (.08).08 (.09).16 (.07)*.15 (.07)*
Hispanica.13 (.11).14 (.11).09 (.11).16 (.10)
Otherb−.11 (.18)−.11 (.18)−.11 (.18)−.13 (.17)
Education, yrs.06 (.01)***.06 (.01)***.04 (.01)***.03 (.01)***
Not married−.18 (.08)*−.01 (.08).12 (.07)
Lives alone.08 (.08)−.06 (.08)−.04 (.07)
Comorbidities−.17 (.02)***−.49 (.08)***
1 ADL limitationb−.62 (.08)***−.66 (.08)***
2+ ADL limitationsb−.84 (.08)***−.16 (.02)***
Loneliness−.68 (.04)***
Constant3.05 (.13)***3.10 (.13)***3.68 (.13)***4.73 (.14)***
R squared0.0420.0450.1750.282

Notes: Numbers are coefficients with standard errors in parentheses.
aReference group is white; bReference group is no ADLs.
, , , (two-tailed test).