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Journal of Aging Research
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 605041, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/605041
Research Article

The Relationship between Physical Health and Psychological Well-Being among Oldest-Old Adults

1Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
2School of Family Studies and Human Services, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA
3Institute of Gerontology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA

Received 14 February 2011; Accepted 19 March 2011

Academic Editor: Bo A. Hagberg

Copyright © 2011 Jinmyoung Cho et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between physical health and psychological well-being among oldest-old adults. Structural equation modeling was performed to examine health influences on psychological well-being among 306 octogenarians and centenarians from the Georgia Centenarian Study. Latent variables were created to reflect subjective health, as measured by self-ratings of health and objective health, as measured by physical health impairment (i.e., health problems, past and present diseases, hospitalization) and biomarkers (i.e., hemoglobin and albumin). Psychological well-being was measured by positive and negative affect. There were significant direct effects of subjective health on affect and significant indirect effects of objective health through subjective health on positive affect and negative affect. Subjective health took the role of a mediator between objective health and psychological well-being. These results highlight the status and perceptions of health as a critical indicator for well-being in extreme old age.