Table 3: One-year transition probabilities for those starting in a healthy state for 12 different variables. Bolded entries indicate a significantly healthier transition (more likely remaining healthy, less likely remaining sick, or less likely dying) among women compared to men (top half) or men compared to women (bottom half). The differences between groups based on age are described in the text.

Age 65–74Age 75–84Age 85–94
P(HtoH)P(HtoS)P(HtoD)P(HtoH)P(HtoS)P(HtoD)P(HtoH)P(HtoS)P(HtoD)

Female

HOSP0.920.080.010.880.100.020.800.130.07
BED0.950.050.010.920.060.020.860.080.06
SPL0.850.150.010.800.180.020.700.270.04
DEP0.880.110.010.840.140.020.770.190.04
ADL0.900.090.010.850.140.020.720.240.04
FLW0.960.040.010.920.060.020.850.110.05
EXSTR0.830.170.010.770.210.020.660.300.03
SRH0.900.300.010.850.370.010.730.400.04
TWLK0.830.170.000.720.270.010.540.450.01
IADL0.850.150.010.770.210.020.610.350.05
COG0.860.130.010.810.180.010.670.300.04
BLK0.650.010.000.550.010.010.490.030.03

Male

HOSP0.880.100.020.850.120.030.760.150.09
BED0.950.030.020.920.040.040.840.070.10
SPL0.860.120.020.820.160.030.710.210.08
DEP0.910.080.020.860.110.030.760.160.07
ADL0.920.060.020.870.110.030.750.180.07
FLW0.950.030.020.920.050.030.820.100.08
EXSTR0.900.080.020.850.120.030.740.200.06
SRH0.890.350.010.840.340.030.750.450.06
TWLK0.850.130.020.760.220.020.610.340.05
IADL0.880.110.010.810.170.020.640.300.06
COG0.830.150.020.780.200.030.620.330.05
BLK0.720.020.010.630.020.020.540.040.03