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Journal of Aging Research
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 101725, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/101725
Research Article

Nutritional and Functional Assessment of Hospitalized Elderly: Impact of Sociodemographic Variables

1Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig 44519, Egypt
2Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig 44519, Egypt

Received 30 May 2013; Revised 20 July 2013; Accepted 21 July 2013

Academic Editor: F. Richard Ferraro

Copyright © 2013 Emam M. M. Esmayel et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. This work was constructed in order to assess the nutritional and functional status in hospitalized elderly and to study the associations between them and sociodemographic variables. Methods. 200 elderly patients (>65 years old) admitted to Internal Medicine and Neurology Departments in nonemergency conditions were included. Comprehensive geriatric assessments, including nutritional and functional assessments, were done according to nutritional checklist and Barthel index, respectively. Information was gathered from the patients, from the ward nurse responsible for the patient, and from family members who were reviewed. Results. According to the nutritional checklist, 56% of participants were at high risk, 18% were at moderate risk of malnutrition, and 26% had good nutrition. There was a high nutritional risk in patients with low income and good nutrition in patients with moderate income. Also, there was a high nutritional risk in rural residents (61.9%) in comparison with urban residents (25%). Barthel index score was significantly lower in those at high risk of malnutrition compared to those at moderate risk and those with good nutrition. Conclusions. Hospitalized elderly are exposed to malnutrition, and malnourished hospitalized patients are candidates for functional impairment. Significant associations are noticed between both nutritional and functional status and specific sociodemographic variables.