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Journal of Archaeology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 581607, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/581607
Research Article

Neolithic LBK Intrasite Settlement Patterns: A Case Study from Bylany (Czech Republic)

Institute of Archaeology of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Letenská 4, Praha 1-Malá Strana, 118 01 Prague, Czech Republic

Received 21 August 2012; Accepted 20 December 2012

Academic Editor: Ravi Korisettar

Copyright © 2013 Petr Květina and Markéta Končelová. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper could also be a contribution to a new concept for understanding space and time in Neolithic settlements. We abandoned the methodological concept of construction complexes of houses and used individual archaeological features as the basic analytical unit. The analysis of quantitative correlations of decorative style conducted on this basis produced five style groups; four of these belonged to a LBK style, and it was these that were spatially distinct at the Bylany settlement. The discovered spatial patterns of style correspond in general to the existing chronology of the site. This means that chronological horizons understood both as intervals on the time axis and as geographic units are not dependent on “construction complexes” or even on individual houses. The value of this study does not lie in a more detailed chronological division of the Neolithic settlement at Bylany, but in a confirmation of the robustness of its existing form; the study also draws attention to a possible problem in the concept of construction complexes.