Table 2: Genomic characteristics of the major monocot lineages

Range of chromosome numbers (2n)Occurrence of bimodal karyotypesNo. of species with C-valuesGenome size data

Min. 1C-value (pg)Max. 1C-value (pg)Mean 1C-value(pg)Range of 1C DNA amounts (max./min.)

Acorales24–48No20.400.700.551.8
Alismatales10–168Common1060.3024.057.1680.2
Petrosaviales24–60Yes0
Dioscoreales12–140Yes (Thismia, Burmanniaceae)140.416.751.3116.5
Pandanales14–60Yes but rare (only in Triuridaceae)80.401.500.923.8
Asparagales4–228Common11300.3382.1512.81248.9
Liliales10–216Common1421.53127.439.2647.5
Dasypogonaceae14-72Yes in Calectasia 10.440.440.44
Arecales26–c. 600No890.930.003.8833.3
Commelinales8–170Yes but not common (only in some genera of Commelinaceae)1130.7843.4014.7855.6
Zingiberales8–105No710.306.001.0620.0
Poales4–266Uncommon9510.2026.004.81130.0