Table 2: The effect of NaCl and CMA on growth and morphology of A. uva-ursi plants.

Treatment (mmol solute L−1)Control NaCl/CMA2060140280P value

Stem length (ss/ps) (mm)2.20 (3.212)*NaCl2.53 (4.998)3.07 (4.621)3.07 (5.738)1.33 (1.839)0.839
CMA2.60 (3.699)1.27 (3.218)1.20 (2.833)2.13 (4.121)

Stem length (ss/sds) (mm)25.20 (31.743)NaCl17.47 (26.859)19.60 (37.133)5.13 (8.305)3.73 (5.035)0.284
CMA12.20 (12.013)13.73 (20.869)14.47 (22.119)12.00 (25.355)

Number of new secondary shoots (ss/sds)0.80 (1.612)NaCl0.67 (1.496)0.53 (2.066)0.13 (0.352)0.33 (0.617)0.923
CMA0.53 (0.990)0.87 (1.767)0.40 (1.298)0.80 (2.305)

Number of new flushed buds (ep)7.60 (7.818)NaCl5.47 (6.334)6.67 (7.697)2.00 (3.185)4.13 (5.630)0.248
CMA9.13 (8.254)8.60 (12.322)4.87 (5.383)6.67 (8.877)

Number of developing apical buds (ep)2.20 (3.167)NaCl1.67 (3.222)2.13 (2.997)0.80 (1.568)1.47 (1.767)0.893
CMA1.87 (2.503)1.67 (2.127)1.53 (1.642)1.33 (2.610)

*Mean ( 𝑛 = 1 5 ) and SD (inside parentheses) are shown. Treatment effects were analyzed using ANOVA coupled with the Bonferroni mean comparison test ( 𝑃 < 0 . 0 5 ). ss: sample shoot; ps: primary shoot; sds: secondary shoot; ep: entire aboveground plant.