- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents

Journal of Complex Analysis

Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 629394, 5 pages

http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/629394

## A New Subclass of Meromorphic Close-to-Convex Functions

^{1}Department of Mathematics, Government Engineering College, Bikaner 334001, India^{2}Department of Mathematics, Government Dungar College, Bikaner 334001, India

Received 31 August 2012; Revised 13 November 2012; Accepted 13 November 2012

Academic Editor: Alfonso Montes-Rodriguez

Copyright © 2013 Amit Soni and Shashi Kant. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

#### Abstract

A new subclass (, , ) of meromorphic close-to-convex functions, defined by means of subordination, is investigated. Some results such as inclusion relationship, coefficient inequality, convolution property, and distortion property for this class are derived. The results obtained here are extension of earlier known work.

#### 1. Introduction

Let denote the class of functions of the form which are analytic in the punctured open unit disk . For any two analytic function and in , we say that is subordinate to in , written as , if there exists a Schwarz function such that , for . In particular, if is univalent in , then is subordinate to , if and only if . If is given by (1) and is given by then the Hadamard product (or convolution) of the function and is defined by A function is said to be in the class of meromorphic starlike functions of order if it satisfies the inequality Moreover, a function is said to be in the class of meromorphic close to convex function if it satisfies the condition Recently, Wang et al. [1] introduced and discussed the class of meromorphic functions which satisfies the inequality where .

The class is very close to the interesting subclass of close-to-convex function for analytic function introduced and studied by Gao and Zhou [2]. Many classes related to the class have been further studied by some authors. Especially, Wang et al. [3, 4], Kowalczyk and Leś-Bomba [5], Xu et al. [6], Şeker [7], and Cho et al. [8] introduced generalization of and obtained some properties for analytic functions in each class.

More recently, by means of subordination, Sim and Kwon [9] discussed a subclass of the class . A function is said be in the class if it satisfies the following subordination relation: where and . Here, the assumption that is meromorphic starlike function of order makes the function meromorphic starlike. So, instead of in (6) and (7), we can consider, because if , then is also a meromorphic starlike function, which motivates us to define a new subclass of meromorphic close-to-convex functions as follows.

*Definition 1. *A function is said to be in the class if there exists , such that
The class provides a generalization of the classes given by Sim and Kwon [9] and Wang et al. [1]. The transformation involved in the class is analytic and convex univalent in . Moreover,

In this paper, we aim at proving results such as inclusion relationship, coefficient bounds, and distortion theorem for the class .

#### 2. Properties of Meromorphic Starlike Functions

In beginning, we prove the following result of meromorphic starlike functions.

Theorem 2. *Suppose that and with . Then,
*

*Proof. *Let . By definition, we know that
Next, we suppose that
Then, we easily find that
It follows that
By noting that, which implies that , it completes the proof of Theorem 2.

For and , Theorem 2 gives the following corollary.

Corollary 3. *If and , then .*

Lemma 4 (see [10]). *Let . Then,
*

Theorem 5. *Let . Then,
*

*Proof. *Suppose that . Then,
Since , by Lemma 4, we have
It implies that , which completes the proof.

#### 3. Coefficient Estimates

In this section,we obtain the coefficient estimates of functions belonging to the class . For this, we require the following Lemmas.

Lemma 6 (see [11]). *Let
**
be analytic in and
**
be analytic and convex in . If , then
*

Lemma 7. *Let and be given by (2). Then,
*

*Proof. *According to Corollary 3, we have and if
then it is well known that
Substituting the series expressions of and in (23) and comparing the coefficients of both sides of this equation, we get
On substituting the value from (25) in (24), we get the result.

Theorem 8. *Let . If
**
then
*

*Proof. *Suppose that . Then, we know that
where .

If we set
it follows that
In view of Lemma 6, we know that
By substituting the series expression of functions ,, and in (29), we obtain
Since is univalent in , it is well known that
On comparing the coefficient of in both sides of (32), we have
Substituting the values from (24) and (31) to (34), we have
This evidently completes the proof of Theorem 8.

Theorem 9. *Let . If
**
and given by (1), satisfying the condition
**
where is given by (25), then .*

*Proof. *To prove , it suffices to show that
where is given by (23). From (38), we know that
Now, by maximum modulus principle and (40), we deduce that
This evidently completes the proof of Theorem 9.

Theorem 10. *Let . If , then
*

*Proof. *Suppose that . Then, we know that
where is given by (23). It is easy to see that the condition (43) can be written as
Note that
By substituting (45) into (44), we get the desired assertion (42) of Theorem 10.

#### 4. Distortion Theorem

Lemma 11 (see [12]). *Let . Then,
*

Theorem 12. *Let. If , then
*

*Proof. *Suppose that . By definition, we have the transformation
which maps in the closed disk
This implies that
Thus, by virtue of Lemma 11, we readily get the desired result.

*Remark*. Taking , and , we obtain the results such as inclusion relation, coefficient inequality, convolution property, and distortion theorem derived by Wang et al. [1].

#### Acknowledgment

The authors would like to express their thanks to the referee for careful reading and suggestions made for the improvement of the paper.

#### References

- Z.-G. Wang, Y. Sun, and N. Xu, “Some properties of certain meromorphic close-to-convex functions,”
*Applied Mathematics Letters*, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 454–460, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar - C. Y. Gao and S. Q. Zhou, “On a class of analytic functions related to the starlike functions,”
*Kyungpook Mathematical Journal*, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 123–130, 2005. View at Google Scholar - Z.-G. Wang and D.-Z. Chen, “On a subclass of close-to-convex functions,”
*Hacettepe Journal of Mathematics and Statistics*, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 95–101, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH - Z.-G. Wang, C.-Y. Gao, and S.-M. Yuan, “On certain new subclass of close-to-convex functions,”
*Matematichki Vesnik*, vol. 58, no. 3-4, pp. 119–124, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH - J. Kowalczyk and E. Leś-Bomba, “On a subclass of close-to-convex functions,”
*Applied Mathematics Letters*, vol. 23, no. 10, pp. 1147–1151, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar - Q.-H. Xu, H. M. Srivastava, and Z. Li, “A certain subclass of analytic and close-to-convex functions,”
*Applied Mathematics Letters*, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 396–401, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar - B. Şeker, “On certain new subclass of close-to-convex functions,”
*Applied Mathematics and Computation*, vol. 218, no. 3, pp. 1041–1045, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar - N. E. Cho, O. S. Kown, and V. Ravichandran, “Coefficient, distortion and growth inequalities for certain close-to-convex functions,”
*Journal of Inequalities and Applications*, vol. 201, article 100, 2011. View at Google Scholar - Y. J. Sim and O. S. Kown, “A subclass of meromorphic close-to-convex function of Janowski's type,”
*International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences*, vol. 2012, Article ID 682162, 12 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar - M. S. Liu, “On a subclass of $p$-valent close-to-convex functions of type $\alpha $ and order $\beta $,”
*Journal of Mathematical Study*, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 102–104, 1997 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar - W. Rogosinski, “On the coefficients of subordinate functions,”
*Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society Series 2*, vol. 48, pp. 48–82, 1943. View at Google Scholar - Ch. Pommerenke, “On meromorphic starlike functions,”
*Pacific Journal of Mathematics*, vol. 13, pp. 221–235, 1963. View at Google Scholar