Table 1: Characteristics of older cancer patients and non-cancer patients at time of cancer diagnosis or reference date.

Cancer patientsNon-cancer patients
( 𝑁 = 3 8 3 5 )( 𝑁 = 1 1 9 7 3 )
Mean(SD)Mean(SD)

Age (years)
 Men71.95(7.35)70.87(7.13)
 Women73.22(8.42)72.90(8.27)
Survival time (years)1
 Men2.92(3.06)3.87(3.15)
 Women3.32(3.39)4.17(3.27)

𝑁 (%) 𝑁 (%)

Sex
 Men2163(56)6179(52)
 Women1672(44)5794(48)
Number of chronic diseases at baseline2
 0846(22)2617(22)
 1908(24)2916(24)
 2752(20)2288(19)
 3534(14)1682(14)
 ≥4795(21)2470(21)
Five most common tumour sites
 Colon/rectum675(18)
 Prostate573(15)
 Bronchus/lung550(14)
 Breast493(13)
 Bladder218(7)

1Survival time: time from date of diagnosis or reference date until death or end of follow-up.
2Number of chronic diseases excluding cancer.