Table 2: Pre-existing chronic diseases in men and women.

Cancer patientsNon-cancer patients 𝑃 -valueOR2(95% CI)
𝑁 Prev1 𝑁 Prev1

Ten most common pre-existing diseases in cancer patients
 Diabetes mellitus586152.801864155.680.480.96(0.87–1.07)
 Lipid disorders508132.461559130.210.601.03(0.92–1.15)
 Ischemic heart disease with angina459119.691326110.750.731.02(0.91–1.14)
 Myocardial infarction405105.61116297.050.861.01(0.90–1.14)
 Ischemic heart disease without angina393102.48115196.130.981.00(0.88–1.13)
 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease38299.6194478.840.001.21(1.06–1.37)
 Osteoarthrosis knee31281.36105488.030.170.91(0.80–1.04)
 Benign prostatic hypertrophy29777.4474061.810.331.08(0.93–1.25)
 Back syndrome without radiating pain28173.2788874.170.700.97(0.85–1.12)
 Osteoarthrosis hip27270.9388573.920.470.95(0.82–1.09)
Significant differences between cancer and non-cancer patients3
 Dementia6015.6534428.730.000.48(0.36–0.64)
 Personality disorder215.4812710.610.010.53(0.33–0.84)

1Prev: lifetime prevalence per 1000 persons.
2OR: odds ratio adjusted for sex and age.
3Please see Table 2 in the Supplementary Material on the journal website for all other diseases.