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Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 716098, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/716098
Research Article

Effective Biosorption of Nickel(II) from Aqueous Solutions Using Trichoderma viride

1Department of Biotechnology, Sri Padmavati Mahila Visvavidyalayam (Women’s University), Andhara Pradesh, Tirupati 517502, India
2Food and Water Division, Vimta Life Sciences, Hyderabad 500078, India

Received 19 February 2012; Revised 27 June 2012; Accepted 7 August 2012

Academic Editor: Veysel T. Yilmaz

Copyright © 2013 P. Sujatha et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The primary objective of the present study is to evaluate the optimization conditions such as kinetic and equilibrium isotherm models involved in the removal of Ni(II) from the aqueous solutions by Trichoderma viride. The biosorbent was characterized by FTIR and SEM. The optimum biosorption conditions were determined as a function of pH, biomass dosage, contact time, initial metal ion concentration, and temperature. The maximum Ni(II) biosorption was obtained at pH 4.5. The equilibrium data were better fit by the Langmuir isotherm model than by the Freundlich isotherm. The kinetic studies indicate that the biosorption process of the metal ion Ni(II) has followed well the pseudo-second-order model. The sum of the square errors (SSE) and chi-square ( ) tests were also carried out to find the best fit kinetic model and adsorption isotherm. The maximum biosorption capacity ( ) of T. viride biomass was found to be 47.6 mg/g for Ni(II) ion. Therefore, it can be concluded that T. viride biomass was effective and low-cost potential adsorbent to remove the toxic metal Ni(II) from aqueous solutions. The recovery process of Ni(II) from T. viride biomass was found to be higher than 98% by using 0.25 M HNO3. Besides the application of removal of toxic metal Ni(II) from aqueous solutions, the biosorbent T. viride can be reused for five consecutive sorption-desorption cycles was determined.