About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 836187, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/836187
Research Article

Numerical Modeling Chemical Vapor Infiltration of SiC Composites

Institute of Solid Mechanics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Kaiserstrasse 12, Room 310, Building 10.91, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany

Received 29 June 2012; Accepted 22 October 2012

Academic Editor: Ekaterina Tsipis

Copyright © 2013 Yaochan Zhu and Eckart Schnack. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. H. G. Wulz, U. Trabandt, and T. Schmid, “High temperature ceramic matrix composites iii,” Key Engineering Materials, vol. 164, pp. 1445–1449, 1999.
  2. J. I. Kim, W. J. Kim, D. J. Choi, and J. Y. Park, “Deposition of compositionally graded SiC/C layers on C–C composites by low pressure chemical vapor deposition,” Journal of Nuclear Materials, vol. 307–311, no. 2, pp. 1084–1087, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. K. Minato and K. Fukuda, “Structure of chemically vapour deposited silicon carbide for coated fuel particles,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 699–706, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. H. Oh, B. J. Oh, D. J. Choi, G. H. Kim, and H. S. Song, “The effect of input gas ratio on the growth behavior of chemical vapor deposited SiC films,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 36, no. 7, pp. 1695–1700, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. D. A. Streitwieser, Kinetic investigation of the Chemical Vapor Infiltration and Reaction (CVI-R) process for the production of SiC and TiC biomorphic ceramics from paper preforms [Ph.D. thesis], University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, 2004.
  6. F. Kobayashi, K. Ikawa, and K. Iwamoto, “Formation of carbon-excess SiC from pyrolysis of CH3SiCl3,” Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 395–396, 1975. View at Scopus
  7. A. Josiek and F. Langlais, “Kinetics of CVD of stoichiometric and Si-excess SiC in the system MTS/H2 at medium decomposition of MTS,” Chemical Vapor Deposition, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 141–146, 1996. View at Scopus
  8. T. Tago, M. Kawase, Y. Ikuta, and K. Hashimoto, “Numerical simulation of the thermal-gradient chemical vapor infiltration process for production of fiber-reinforced ceramic composite,” Chemical Engineering Science, vol. 56, no. 6, pp. 2161–2170, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. X. Wei, L. Cheng, L. Zhang, Y. Xu, and Q. Zeng, “Numerical simulation for fabrication of C/SiC composites in isothermal CVI reactor,” Computational Materials Science, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 245–255, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. W. G. Zhang and K. J. Huettinger, “Cvd of sic from methyltrichlorosilane. part I: deposition rates,” Chemical Vapor Deposition, vol. 1677, 172 pages, 2001.
  11. N. Moelans, B. Blanpain, and P. Wollants, “An introduction to phase-field modeling of microstructure evolution,” Computer Coupling of Phase Diagrams and Thermochemistry, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 268–294, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. B. J. Palmer and R. G. Gordon, “Local equilibrium model of morphological instabilities in chemical vapor deposition,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 158, no. 2, pp. 313–341, 1988. View at Scopus
  13. B. J. Palmer and R. G. Gordon, “Kinetic model of morphological instabilities in chemical vapor deposition,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 177, no. 1-2, pp. 141–159, 1989. View at Scopus
  14. S. Jin, X. Wang, and T. L. Starr, “Model for front evolution with a nonlocal growth rate,” Journal of Materials Research, vol. 14, no. 10, pp. 3829–3832, 1999. View at Scopus
  15. S. Jin and X. Wang, “Robust numerical simulation of porosity evolution in chemical vapor infiltration. II. Two-dimensional anisotropic fronts,” Journal of Computational Physics, vol. 179, no. 2, pp. 557–577, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. E. Schnack, F. W. Wang, and A. J. Li, “Phase-field model for the chemical vapor infiltration of silicon carbide,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 157, no. 7, pp. D377–D386, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. Ekhlakov, S. Dimitrov, T. A. Langhoff, and E. Schnack, “Phase-field model for deposition of pyrolytic carbon,” Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering, vol. 24, no. 12, pp. 2139–2154, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. E. Schnack, F. W. Wang, T. A. Langhoff, and A. J. Li, “Modeling and simulation of composites in the design process,” in Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Tools and Methods in Competitive Engineering, 2008.
  19. W. G. Zhang and G. K. Huttinger, “Chemical vapor deposition of sic from methyltrichlorosilane part ii: Composition of the gas phase and the deposit,” Advanced Materials, vol. 7, pp. 173–181, 2001.
  20. M. D. Allendorf and C. F. Melius, “Theoretical study of thermochemistry of molecules in the silicon-carbon-chlorine-hydrogn system,” Journal of Physical Chemistry, vol. 97, no. 3, pp. 720–728, 1993. View at Scopus
  21. E. Fitzer and D. Kehr, “Carbon, carbide and silicide coatings,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 39, no. C, pp. 55–67, 1976. View at Scopus
  22. M. W. Chase, J. L. Curnutt, R. A. McDonald, and A. N. Syverud, “Nist-janaf thermochemical talbles,” Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, vol. 9, 1998.
  23. L. V. Gurvich, I. V. Veyts, and C. B. Alcock, Thermodynamic Properties of Individual Substances, Hemisphere Publishing, 1989.
  24. J. J. Eggleston, G. B. McFadden, and P. W. Voorhees, “A phase-field model for highly anisotropic interfacial energy,” Physica D, vol. 150, no. 1-2, pp. 91–103, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. I. Steinbach, F. Pezzolla, B. Nestler et al., “A phase field concept for multiphase systems,” Physica D, vol. 94, no. 3, pp. 135–147, 1996. View at Scopus
  26. R. H. Perry, D. W. Green, and J. O. Maloney, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, McGraw-Hill, 7th edition, 1997.
  27. C. Beckermann, H. J. Diepers, I. Steinbach, A. Karma, and X. Tong, “Modeling melt convection in phase-field simulations of solidification,” Journal of Computational Physics, vol. 154, no. 2, pp. 468–496, 1999. View at Scopus
  28. V. Arnautu and C. Morosanu, “Numerical approximation for the phase field transition system,” International Journal of Computer Mathematics, vol. 62, pp. 209–221, 1995.
  29. M. R. Dorr, J. L. Fattebert, M. E. Wickett, J. F. Belak, and P. E. A. Turchi, “A numerical algorithm for the solution of a phase-field model of polycrystalline materials,” Journal of Computational Physics, vol. 229, no. 3, pp. 626–641, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. F. Loumagne, F. Langlais, and R. Naslain, “Experimental kinetic study of the chemical vapour deposition of SiC-based ceramics from CH3SiCl3H2 gas precursor,” Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 155, no. 3-4, pp. 198–204, 1995. View at Scopus
  31. G. D. Papasouliotis and S. V. Sotirchos, “Experimental study of atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition of silicon carbide from methyltrichlorosilane,” Journal of Materials Research, vol. 14, no. 8, pp. 3397–3409, 1999. View at Scopus