Table 8: List of fault detection time for different faults in the cooling system.

FaultDetection time [s]

 Startup faults

Air in cooling system30.1
Phase module cooling
channel clogging
31.8

 Runtime faults

Pump delivery pressure decreasing47.7
pipe clogging47.7
Air-cooled heat exchanger
Cooling effect decreasing
32.5
Temperature sensor — bias output0.8