Journal of Control Science and Engineering http://www.hindawi.com The latest articles from Hindawi Publishing Corporation © 2016 , Hindawi Publishing Corporation . All rights reserved. Adaptive Moving Sliding Mode Control for SISO Systems: Application to an Electropneumatic System Tue, 26 Apr 2016 09:31:08 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcse/2016/2081052/ This paper aims to propose and develop an adaptive moving sliding mode controller (AMSMC) that can be applied for nonlinear single-input single-output (SISO) systems with external disturbances. The main contribution of this framework consists to overcome the chattering phenomenon problem. The discontinuous term of the classic sliding mode control is replaced by an adaptive term. Moreover, a moving sliding surface is proposed to have better tracking and to guarantee robustness to the external disturbances. The parameters of the sliding surface and the adaptive law are deduced based on Lyapunov stability analysis. An experimental application of electropneumatic system is treated to validate the theoretical results. Assil Ayadi, Soufien Hajji, Mohamed Smaoui, and Abdessattar Chaari Copyright © 2016 Assil Ayadi et al. All rights reserved. Design and Application of Offset-Free Model Predictive Control Disturbance Observation Method Sun, 24 Apr 2016 11:48:25 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcse/2016/7279430/ Model predictive control (MPC) with its lower request to the mathematical model, excellent control performance, and convenience online calculation has developed into a very important subdiscipline with rich theory foundation and practical application. However, unmeasurable disturbance is widespread in industrial processes, which is difficult to deal with directly at present. In most of the implemented MPC strategies, the method of incorporating a constant output disturbance into the process model is introduced to solve this problem, but it fails to achieve offset-free control once the unmeasured disturbances access the process. Based on the Kalman filter theory, the problem is solved by using a more general disturbance model which is superior to the constant output disturbance model. This paper presents the necessary conditions for offset-free model predictive control based on the model. By applying disturbance model, the unmeasurable disturbance vectors are augmented as the states of control system, and the Kalman filer is used to estimate unmeasurable disturbance and its effect on the output. Then, the dynamic matrix control (DMC) algorithm is improved by utilizing the feed-forward compensation control strategy with the disturbance estimated. Xue Wang, Baocang Ding, Xin Yang, and Zhaohong Ye Copyright © 2016 Xue Wang et al. All rights reserved. Air Gauge Characteristics Linearity Improvement Thu, 21 Apr 2016 13:29:56 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcse/2016/8701238/ This paper discusses calibration uncertainty and linearity issues of the typical back-pressure air gauge. In this sort of air gauge, the correlation between the measured dimension (represented by the slot width) and the air pressure in the measuring chamber is used in a proportional range. However, when high linearity is required (e.g., nonlinearity less than 1%), the measuring range should be shortened. In the proposed method, based on knowledge of the static characteristics of air gauges, the measuring range is kept unchanged but the nonlinearity is decreased. The static characteristics may be separated into two sections, each of them approximated with a different linear function. As a result, the nonlinearity is reduced from 5% down to 1% and even below. Cz. J. Jermak, M. Jakubowicz, J. Dereżyński, and M. Rucki Copyright © 2016 Cz. J. Jermak et al. All rights reserved. Multiframe Superresolution of Vehicle License Plates Based on Distribution Estimation Approach Tue, 19 Apr 2016 09:22:53 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcse/2016/4194309/ Low-resolution (LR) license plate images or videos are often captured in the practical applications. In this paper, a distribution estimation based superresolution (SR) algorithm is proposed to reconstruct the license plate image. Different from the previous work, here, the high-resolution (HR) image is estimated via the obtained posterior probability distribution by using the variational Bayesian framework. To regularize the estimated HR image, a feature-specific prior model is proposed by considering the most significant characteristic of license plate images; that is, the target has high contrast with the background. In order to assure the success of the SR reconstruction, the models representing smoothness constraints on images are also used to regularize the estimated HR image with the proposed feature-specific prior model. We show by way of experiments, under challenging blur with size 7 × 7 and zero-mean Gaussian white noise with variances 0.2 and 0.5, respectively, that the proposed method could achieve the peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) of 22.69 dB and the structural similarity (SSIM) of 0.9022 under the noise with variance 0.2 and the PSNR of 19.89 dB and the SSIM of 0.8582 even under the noise with variance 0.5, which are 1.84 dB and 0.04 improvements in comparison with other methods. Renchao Jin, Shengrong Zhao, Xiangyang Xu, and Enmin Song Copyright © 2016 Renchao Jin et al. All rights reserved. Real-Time Implementation of Islanded Microgrid for Remote Areas Mon, 18 Apr 2016 08:52:36 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcse/2016/5710950/ Islanding is a condition in which a microgrid or a portion of power grid, consisting of distributed generation (DG) sources, converter, and load, gets disconnected from the utility grid. Under this condition the DG sources in a microgrid must switch to a voltage control mode, in order to provide constant voltage to local loads. In grid connected mode, the microgrid works as current controller and injects power to the main grid, depending on the power generation and local load with suitable market policies. Providing constant voltage at a stable frequency with proper synchronization amongst each DG in a microgrid is a challenge. The complexity of such grid requires careful study and analysis before actual implementation. These challenges of microgrid are addressed using real time OPAL-RT simulation technology. Thus the paper describes an islanded microgrid with master slave controller for power balance, voltage/frequency regulation, and synchronization. Based on an advanced real-time platform named Real-Time Laboratory (RT-LAB), the impacts of the micro sources, load, and converters in an islanded microgrid is studied in this paper. The effectiveness of the proposed controller is analyzed through experimental results under balanced/unbalanced nonlinear loads condition. Monika Jain, Sushma Gupta, Deepika Masand, Gayatri Agnihotri, and Shailendra Jain Copyright © 2016 Monika Jain et al. All rights reserved. Distributed Attitude Consensus for Multiple Rigid Spacecraft under Jointly Connected Switching Topologies Sun, 17 Apr 2016 09:05:06 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcse/2016/2540914/ We study the distributed leader-following attitude consensus problem for multiple rigid spacecraft with a single leader under jointly connected switching topologies. Two cases are considered, where the first case is with a static leader and the second case is with a dynamic leader. By constructing an auxiliary vector and a distributed observer for each follower spacecraft, the controllers are designed to drive all the attitudes of the follower spacecraft to the leader’s, respectively, for both of the two cases, though there are some time intervals in which the communication topology is not connected. The whole system is proved to be stable by using common Lyapunov function method. Finally, the theoretical result is illustrated by numerical simulations. Long Ma, Shicheng Wang, Haibo Min, Shouyi Liao, and Zhiguo Liu Copyright © 2016 Long Ma et al. All rights reserved. Performance Analysis of a Peak-Current Mode Control with Compensation Ramp for a Boost-Flyback Power Converter Thu, 14 Apr 2016 06:23:42 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcse/2016/7354791/ High voltage gain power converters are very important in photovoltaic applications mainly due to the low output voltage of photovoltaic arrays. This kind of power converters includes three or more semiconductor devices and four or more energy storage elements, making the dynamical analysis of the controlled system more difficult. In this paper, the boost-flyback power converter is controlled by peak-current mode with compensation ramp. The closed-loop analysis is performed to guarantee operation conditions such that a period-1 orbit is attained. The converter is considered as a piecewise linear system, and the closed-loop stability is determined by using the monodromy matrix, obtained by the composition of the saltation matrixes with the solutions of the dynamical equations in the linear intervals. The largest eigenvalue of the monodromy matrix gives the stability of the period-1 orbit, and a deep analysis using bifurcation diagrams let us reach a conclusion about the loss of the stability, which is experimentally verified. To avoid overcompensation effects, the minimum value required by the compensation ramp is obtained, and the minimum and maximum values of the load resistance are found too. The system has a good transient response under disturbances in the load and in the input voltage. Juan-Guillermo Muñoz, Guillermo Gallo, Gustavo Osorio, and Fabiola Angulo Copyright © 2016 Juan-Guillermo Muñoz et al. All rights reserved. Study of Model Predictive Control for Path-Following Autonomous Ground Vehicle Control under Crosswind Effect Mon, 11 Apr 2016 12:35:48 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcse/2016/6752671/ We present a comparative study of model predictive control approaches of two-wheel steering, four-wheel steering, and a combination of two-wheel steering with direct yaw moment control manoeuvres for path-following control in autonomous car vehicle dynamics systems. Single-track mode, based on a linearized vehicle and tire model, is used. Based on a given trajectory, we drove the vehicle at low and high forward speeds and on low and high road friction surfaces for a double-lane change scenario in order to follow the desired trajectory as close as possible while rejecting the effects of wind gusts. We compared the controller based on both simple and complex bicycle models without and with the roll vehicle dynamics for different types of model predictive control manoeuvres. The simulation result showed that the model predictive control gave a better performance in terms of robustness for both forward speeds and road surface variation in autonomous path-following control. It also demonstrated that model predictive control is useful to maintain vehicle stability along the desired path and has an ability to eliminate the crosswind effect. Fitri Yakub, Aminudin Abu, Shamsul Sarip, and Yasuchika Mori Copyright © 2016 Fitri Yakub et al. All rights reserved. Trajectory Planning with Pose Feedback for a Dual-Arm Space Robot Wed, 06 Apr 2016 07:07:43 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcse/2016/7021696/ In order to obtain high precision path tracking for a dual-arm space robot, a trajectory planning method with pose feedback is proposed to be introduced into the design process in this paper. Firstly, pose error kinematic models are derived from the related kinematics and desired pose command for the end-effector and the base, respectively. On this basis, trajectory planning with pose feedback is proposed from a control perspective. Theoretical analyses show that the proposed trajectory planning algorithm can guarantee that pose error converges to zero exponentially for both the end-effector and the base when the robot is out of singular configuration. Compared with the existing algorithms, the proposed algorithm can lead to higher precision path tracking for the end-effector. Furthermore, the algorithm renders the system good anti-interference property for the base. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed trajectory planning algorithm. Yicheng Liu, Kedi Xie, Tao Zhang, and Ning Cai Copyright © 2016 Yicheng Liu et al. All rights reserved. Design of Self-Tuning Regulator for Large-Scale Interconnected Hammerstein Systems Mon, 04 Apr 2016 16:56:33 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcse/2016/6769714/ This paper deals with the self-tuning regulator for large-scale stochastic nonlinear systems, which are composed of several interconnected nonlinear monovariable subsystems. Each interconnected subsystem is described by discrete Hammerstein model with unknown and time-varying parameters. This self-tuning control is developed on the basis of the minimum variance approach and is combined by a recursive algorithm in the estimation step. The parametric estimation step is performed on the basis of the prediction error method and the least-squares techniques. Simulation results of the proposed self-tuning regulator for two interconnected nonlinear hydraulic systems show the reliability and effectiveness of the developed method. Mourad Elloumi and Samira Kamoun Copyright © 2016 Mourad Elloumi and Samira Kamoun. All rights reserved. Application of Residual-Based EWMA Control Charts for Detecting Faults in Variable-Air-Volume Air Handling Unit System Mon, 28 Mar 2016 12:04:06 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcse/2016/1467823/ An online robust fault detection method is presented in this paper for VAV air handling unit and its implementation. Residual-based EWMA control chart is used to monitor the control processes of air handling unit and detect faults of air handling unit. In order to provide a level of robustness with respect to modeling errors, control limits are determined by incorporating time series model uncertainty in EWMA control chart. The fault detection method proposed was tested and validated using real time data collected from real VAV air-conditioning systems involving multiple artificial faults. The results of validation show residual-based EWMA control chart with designing control limits can improve the accuracy of fault detection through eliminating the negative effects of dynamic characteristics, serial correlation, normal transient changes of system, and time series modeling errors. The robust fault detection method proposed can provide an effective tool for detecting the faults of air handling units. Haitao Wang Copyright © 2016 Haitao Wang. All rights reserved. An Improved Phase-Locked-Loop Control with Alternative Damping Factors for VSC Connected to Weak AC System Sun, 27 Mar 2016 06:07:34 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcse/2016/9537342/ The gains of phase-locked-loop (PLL) have significant impacts on the power transfer limits for the voltage source converter (VSC) connected to weak AC system. Therefore, in this paper, an improved PLL control, respectively, with alternative damping factors for rectifier and inverter is proposed. First, it is proved that the impedance angle of AC system has a great impact on the small-signal stability of the VSC system. With the same variation tendency of Thévenin equivalent resistance, the limits of power transmission are changing in opposite trends for rectifier and inverter. Second, the improved PLL with alternative damping factors is proposed based on the participation factor analysis. Third, the optimal damping factors of the improved PLL control for rectifier and inverter are calculated. Simulations and calculations validated the following three conclusions: (1) in rectifying operation, the equivalent system resistance has a negative impact on the stability of the system and this is not the case for inverting operation; (2) adding the alternative damping factors to PLL control shows similar results compared with changing the impedance angle of AC system; (3) the proposed optimal damping factors of PLL can effectively extend the power transfer limits under both rectifier and inverter modes. Bin Yuan, Jianzhong Xu, Chengyong Zhao, and Yijia Yuan Copyright © 2016 Bin Yuan et al. All rights reserved. Compensation for Cross-Coupled Dynamics of Dual Twisted-String Actuation Systems Mon, 21 Mar 2016 12:01:08 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcse/2016/5864918/ Twisted-string actuation devices have been adopted in various robotic systems due to their advantages of compact size and simple structure. To precisely control the displacement of such devices, a dual-direction actuating mechanism, which provides both extension and contraction of two strings simultaneously, must be implemented. Due to the physical properties of twisted string, the actuator has problems of nonlinear length variation and cross-coupled relationships between two strings. In this study, two controllers (PID-FC and LQR-FC) were synthesized with the consideration of cross-coupling dynamics between the two axes. The experimental results demonstrate the performance of both tracking and synchronization responses of these two types of controllers. Lei Jiang, Yuejuan Li, and Marvin H. Cheng Copyright © 2016 Lei Jiang et al. All rights reserved. Semiadaptive Fault Diagnosis via Variational Bayesian Mixture Factor Analysis with Application to Wastewater Treatment Mon, 21 Mar 2016 06:51:38 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcse/2016/2034826/ Mainly due to the hostile environment in wastewater plants (WWTPs), the reliability of sensors with respect to important qualities is often poor. In this work, we present the design of a semiadaptive fault diagnosis method based on the variational Bayesian mixture factor analysis (VBMFA) to support process monitoring. The proposed method is capable of capturing strong nonlinearity and the significant dynamic feature of WWTPs that seriously limit the application of conventional multivariate statistical methods for fault diagnosis implementation. The performance of proposed method is validated through a simulation study of a wastewater plant. Results have demonstrated that the proposed strategy can significantly improve the ability of fault diagnosis under fault-free scenario, accurately detect the abrupt change and drift fault, and even localize the root cause of corresponding fault properly. Hongjun Xiao, Yiqi Liu, and Daoping Huang Copyright © 2016 Hongjun Xiao et al. All rights reserved. Robust Stability and Stabilization of a Class of Uncertain Nonlinear Discrete-Time Stochastic Systems with Interval Time-Varying Delays Thu, 17 Mar 2016 07:16:33 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcse/2016/1319092/ This paper deals with the problems of the robust stochastic stability and stabilization for a class of uncertain discrete-time stochastic systems with interval time-varying delays and nonlinear disturbances. By utilizing a new Lyapunov-Krasovskii functional and some well-known inequalities, some new delay-dependent criteria are developed to guarantee the robust stochastic stability of a class of uncertain discrete-time stochastic systems in terms of the linear matrix inequality (LMI). Then based on the state feedback controller, the delay-dependent sufficient conditions of robust stochastic stabilization for a class of uncertain discrete-time stochastic systems with interval time-varying delays are established. The controller gain is designed to ensure the robust stochastic stability of the closed-loop system. Finally, illustrative examples are given to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method. Shuang Liang and Yali Dong Copyright © 2016 Shuang Liang and Yali Dong. All rights reserved. Study of the Convergence in State Estimators for LTI Systems with Event Detection Thu, 17 Mar 2016 06:55:50 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcse/2016/4281786/ The methods frequently used to estimate the state of an LTI system require that the precise value of the output variable is known at all times, or at equidistant sampling times. In LTI systems, in which the output signal is measured through binary sensors (detectors), the traditional way of state observers design is not applicable even though the system has a complete observability matrix. This type of state observers design is known as passive. It is necessary, then, to introduce a new state estimation technique, which allows reckoning the state from the information of the variable’s crossing through a detector’s action threshold (switch). This paper seeks, therefore, to study the convergence in this type of estimators in finite time, allowing establishing, theoretically, whether some family of the proposed models can be estimated in a convergent way through the use of the estimation technique based on events. Juan C. Posada, Manuel J. Betancur, Jaime A. Moreno, Rubén D. Guerra, and Martin A. Tamayo Copyright © 2016 Juan C. Posada et al. All rights reserved. Synchronization of Neuronal Circuits with Ring Connection on PSpice Wed, 16 Mar 2016 13:57:43 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcse/2016/3414909/ The modes of electric activities in neurons and wave propagation between neurons can be changed by using appropriate external forcing or coupling type. Based on the PSpice tool, the coupling synchronization between three Hindmarsh-Rose neurons is investigated. The neuronal circuit is also designed, and the Schmitt trigger circuit is used as peak detector by transmitting the analog signal into digital signal; thus, the rhythm of electric activities of neurons can be analyzed. By selecting different initial states (spiking or bursting), different synchronization states are found. In the case of spiking state, appropriate coupling intensity is effective in realizing rhythm synchronization and then homogenous state is observed by further increasing the coupling intensity. In the case of bursting state, rhythm synchronization is enhanced under appropriate coupling intensity while desynchronization occurs by further increasing the coupling intensity. Lihua Yuan, Guodong Ren, and Chunni Wang Copyright © 2016 Lihua Yuan et al. All rights reserved. The Global Solutions and Moment Boundedness of Stochastic Multipantograph Equations Tue, 15 Mar 2016 14:13:58 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcse/2016/6862028/ We consider the existence of global solutions and their moment boundedness for stochastic multipantograph equations. By the idea of Lyapunov function, we impose some polynomial growth conditions on the coefficients of the equation which enables us to study the boundedness more applicably. Methods and techniques developed here have the potential to be applied in other unbounded delay stochastic differential equations. Maosheng Tian, Xuejing Meng, Jihong Chen, and Xiaoqi Tang Copyright © 2016 Maosheng Tian et al. All rights reserved. Robust Fault Estimation for a Class of T-S Fuzzy Singular Systems with Time-Varying Delay via Improved Delay Partitioning Approach Mon, 07 Mar 2016 11:07:57 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcse/2016/6305901/ The problem of delay-dependent robust fault estimation for a class of Takagi-Sugeno (T-S) fuzzy singular systems is investigated. By decomposing the delay interval into two unequal subintervals and with a new and tighter integral inequality transformation, an improved delay-dependent stability criterion is given in terms of linear matrix inequalities (LMIs) to guarantee that the fuzzy singular system with time-varying delay is regular, impulse-free, and stable firstly. Then, based on this criterion, by considering the system fault as an auxiliary disturbance vector and constructing an appropriate fuzzy augmented system, a fault estimation observer is designed to ensure that the error dynamic system is regular, impulse-free, and robustly stable with a prescribed performance satisfied for all actuator and sensor faults simultaneously, and the obtained fault estimates can practically better depict the size and shape of the faults. Finally, numerical examples are given to show the effectiveness of the proposed approach. Chao Sun, FuLi Wang, and XiQin He Copyright © 2016 Chao Sun et al. All rights reserved. AUV-Based Plume Tracking: A Simulation Study Thu, 03 Mar 2016 06:17:41 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcse/2016/1764527/ This paper presents a simulation study of an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) navigation system operating in a GPS-denied environment. The AUV navigation method makes use of underwater transponder positioning and requires only one transponder. A multirate unscented Kalman filter is used to determine the AUV orientation and position by fusing high-rate sensor data and low-rate information. The paper also proposes a gradient-based, efficient, and adaptive novel algorithm for plume boundary tracking missions. The algorithm follows a centralized approach and it includes path optimization features based on gradient information. The proposed algorithm is implemented in simulation on the AUV-based navigation system and successful boundary tracking results are obtained. Awantha Jayasiri, Raymond G. Gosine, George K. I. Mann, and Peter McGuire Copyright © 2016 Awantha Jayasiri et al. All rights reserved. Some New Generalized Retarded Gronwall-Like Inequalities and Their Applications in Nonlinear Systems Wed, 02 Mar 2016 07:51:15 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcse/2016/9527680/ The Gronwall inequalities are of significance in mathematics and engineering. This paper generalizes the Gronwall-like inequalities from different perspectives. Using the proposed inequalities, the difficulties to discuss the controllability of integrodifferential systems of mixed type can be solved. Meanwhile, two examples as their applications are also given to show the effectiveness of our main results. Haiyong Qin, Xin Zuo, and Jianwei Liu Copyright © 2016 Haiyong Qin et al. All rights reserved. New Smith Internal Model Control of Two-Motor Drive System Based on Neural Network Generalized Inverse Sun, 28 Feb 2016 11:26:23 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcse/2016/5794087/ Multimotor drive system is widely applied in industrial control system. Considering the characteristics of multi-input multioutput, nonlinear, strong-coupling, and time-varying delay in two-motor drive systems, this paper proposes a new Smith internal model (SIM) control method, which is based on neural network generalized inverse (NNGI). This control strategy adopts the NNGI system to settle the decoupling issue and utilizes the SIM control structure to solve the delay problem. The NNGI method can decouple the original system into several composite pseudolinear subsystems and also complete the pole-zero allocation of subsystems. Furthermore, based on the precise model of pseudolinear system, the proposed SIM control structure is used to compensate the network delay and enhance the interference resisting the ability of the whole system. Both simulation and experimental results are given, verifying that the proposed control strategy can effectively solve the decoupling problem and exhibits the strong robustness to load impact disturbance at various operations. Guohai Liu, Jun Yuan, Wenxiang Zhao, and Yaojie Mi Copyright © 2016 Guohai Liu et al. All rights reserved. Indefinite LQ Optimal Control with Terminal State Constraint for Discrete-Time Uncertain Systems Mon, 22 Feb 2016 15:55:44 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcse/2016/7241390/ Uncertainty theory is a branch of mathematics for modeling human uncertainty based on the normality, duality, subadditivity, and product axioms. This paper studies a discrete-time LQ optimal control with terminal state constraint, whereas the weighting matrices in the cost function are indefinite and the system states are disturbed by uncertain noises. We first transform the uncertain LQ problem into an equivalent deterministic LQ problem. Then, the main result given in this paper is the necessary condition for the constrained indefinite LQ optimal control problem by means of the Lagrangian multiplier method. Moreover, in order to guarantee the well-posedness of the indefinite LQ problem and the existence of an optimal control, a sufficient condition is presented in the paper. Finally, a numerical example is presented at the end of the paper. Yuefen Chen and Minghai Yang Copyright © 2016 Yuefen Chen and Minghai Yang. All rights reserved. Longitudinal Motion Control of AUV Based on Fuzzy Sliding Mode Method Wed, 17 Feb 2016 14:04:53 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcse/2016/7428361/ According to the characteristics of AUV movement, a fuzzy sliding mode controller was designed, in which fuzzy rules were adopted to estimate the switching gain to eliminate disturbance terms and reduce chattering. The six-degree-of-freedom model of AUV was simplified and longitudinal motion equations were established on the basis of previous research. The influences of first-order wave force and torque were taken into consideration. The REMUS was selected to simulate the control effects of conventional sliding mode controller and fuzzy sliding mode controller. Simulation results show that the fuzzy sliding mode controller can meet the requirements and has higher precision and stronger antijamming performances compared with conventional sliding mode controller. Duo Qi, Jinfu Feng, and Jian Yang Copyright © 2016 Duo Qi et al. All rights reserved. Robust Adaptive Output Feedback Control Scheme for Chaos Synchronization with Input Nonlinearity Wed, 10 Feb 2016 09:03:56 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcse/2016/1238191/ This paper proposes a robust adaptive output feedback control strategy which can automatically regulate control gain for chaos synchronization. Chaotic systems with input nonlinearities, delayed nonlinear coupling, and external disturbance can achieve synchronization by applying this strategy. Utilizing Lyapunov method and LMI technique, the conditions ensuring chaos synchronization are obtained. Finally, simulations are given to show the effectiveness of our control strategy. Xiaomeng Li, Zhanshan Zhao, Jing Zhang, and Meixia Zhu Copyright © 2016 Xiaomeng Li et al. All rights reserved. Optimal Inversion Feedforward and Robust Feedback Based 2DOF Control Approach for High Speed-Precision Positioning Systems Wed, 27 Jan 2016 10:10:13 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcse/2016/7256039/ This paper proposed a novel optimal inversion feedforward and robust feedback based two-freedom-of-freedom (2DOF) control approach to address the positioning error caused by system uncertainties in high speed-precision positioning system. To minimize the norm of the positioning error in the presence of model uncertainty, a linear matrix inequality (LMI) synthesis approach for optimal inversion feedforward controller design is presented. The specification of position resolution, control width, robustness, and output signal magnitude imposed on the entire 2DOF control system are taken as optimization objectives of feedback controller design. The robust feedback controller design approach integrates with feedforward controller systematically and is obtained via LMI optimization. The proposed approach was illustrated through a simulation example of nanopositioning control in atomic force microscope (AFM); the experiment results demonstrated that the proposed 2DOF control approach not only achieves the performance specification but also could improve the positioning control performance compared with mixed sensitivity feedback control and inversion-based 2DOF control. Chao Peng, Chongwei Han, Jianxiao Zou, and Guanghui Zhang Copyright © 2016 Chao Peng et al. All rights reserved. Quadcopter Aggressive Maneuvers along Singular Configurations: An Energy-Quaternion Based Approach Mon, 18 Jan 2016 06:49:29 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcse/2016/7324540/ Automatic aggressive maneuvers with quadcopters are regarded as a highly challenging control problem. The aim is to tackle the singularities that exist in a vertical looping maneuver. Modeling singularities are resolved by writing the equations-of-motion of the quadcopter in quaternion form. Physical singularities due to underactuation are resolved by using an energy-based control. Energy-based control is utilized to overcome the uncontrollability of the quadcopter at physical singular configurations, for instance, when commanding the quadcopter to gain altitude while pitched at . Three looping strategies (circular, clothoidal, and newly developed constant thrust) are implemented on a nonlinear model of the quadcopter. The three looping strategies are discussed along with their advantages and limitations. Ayman A. El-Badawy and Mohamed A. Bakr Copyright © 2016 Ayman A. El-Badawy and Mohamed A. Bakr. All rights reserved. A Robust Control Method for Synchronization between Different Dimensional Integer-Order and Fractional-Order Chaotic Systems Wed, 30 Dec 2015 11:30:57 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcse/2015/703753/ A robust control approach is presented to study the problem of Q-S synchronization between Integer-order and fractional-order chaotic systems with different dimensions. Based on Laplace transformation and stability theory of linear integer-order dynamical systems, a new control law is proposed to guarantee the Q-S synchronization between -dimensional integer-order master system and -dimensional fractional-order slave system. This paper provides further contribution to the topic of Q-S chaos synchronization between integer-order and fractional-order systems and introduces a general control scheme that can be applied to wide classes of chaotic and hyperchaotic systems. Illustrative example and numerical simulations are used to show the effectiveness of the proposed method. Adel Ouannas and Raghib Abu-Saris Copyright © 2015 Adel Ouannas and Raghib Abu-Saris. All rights reserved. The Stabilization of Continuous-Time Networked Control Systems with Data Drift Tue, 29 Dec 2015 11:44:15 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcse/2015/943139/ By data drift, we mean the data received by the controller may be different from that sent by the sensor, or the data received by actuator may be different from that sent by the controller. The issues of guaranteed cost control for a class of continuous-time networked control systems with data drift are investigated. Firstly, with the consideration of data drift between sensor and controller, a closed-loop model of networked control systems including network factors such as time-delay and data-dropouts is established. And then, selecting an appropriate Lyapunov function, a guaranteed cost controller in terms of linear matrix inequality (LMI) is designed to asymptotically stabilize the networked control system with data drift. Finally, simulations are included to demonstrate the theoretical results. Qixin Zhu, Kaihong Lu, and Yonghong Zhu Copyright © 2015 Qixin Zhu et al. All rights reserved. Anticollocated Backstepping Observer Design for a Class of Coupled Reaction-Diffusion PDEs Tue, 22 Dec 2015 13:20:20 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcse/2015/164274/ The state observation problem is tackled for a system of coupled reaction-diffusion PDEs, possessing the same diffusivity parameter and equipped with boundary sensing devices. Particularly, a backstepping-based observer is designed and the exponential stability of the error system is proven with an arbitrarily fast convergence rate. The transformation kernel matrix is derived in the explicit form by using the method of successive approximations, thereby yielding the observer gains in the explicit form, too. Simulation results support the effectiveness of the suggested design. Antonello Baccoli and Alessandro Pisano Copyright © 2015 Antonello Baccoli and Alessandro Pisano. All rights reserved.