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Journal of Drug Delivery
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 173465, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/173465
Review Article

Reversible Masking Using Low-Molecular-Weight Neutral Lipids to Achieve Optimal-Targeted Delivery

1Delivery Systems, Gradalis Inc., 2545 Golden Bear Drive, Suite 110, Carrollton, TX 75006-2317, USA
2Mary Crowley Cancer Research Centers, 1700 Pacific Avenue, Suite 1100, Dallas, TX 75201, USA

Received 14 November 2011; Revised 9 February 2012; Accepted 27 February 2012

Academic Editor: Fabiana Quaglia

Copyright © 2012 Nancy Smyth Templeton and Neil Senzer. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Intravenous injection of therapeutics is required to effectively treat or cure metastatic cancer, certain cardiovascular diseases, and other acquired or inherited diseases. Using this route of delivery allows potential uptake in all disease targets that are accessed by the bloodstream. However, normal tissues and organs also have the potential for uptake of therapeutic agents. Therefore, investigators have used targeted delivery to attempt delivery solely to the target cells; however, use of ligands on the surface of delivery vehicles to target specific cell surface receptors is not sufficient to avoid nonspecific uptake. PEGylation has been used for decades to try to avoid nonspecific uptake but suffers from many problems known as “The PEGylation Dilemma.” We have solved this dilemma by replacing PEGylation with reversible masking using low-molecular-weight neutral lipids in order to achieve optimal-targeted delivery solely to target cells. Our paper will focus on this topic.