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Experimental Diabesity Research
Volume 5 (2004), Issue 3, Pages 187-193
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15438600490486732

Sensory Nerve Innervation of Epineurial Arterioles of the Sciatic Nerve Containing Calcitonin Gene–Related Peptide: Effect of Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetes

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa and Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Iowa City, Iowa 52246, USA

Received 29 January 2004; Accepted 4 April 2004

Copyright © 2004 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The authors have determined that epineurial arterioles of the sciatic nerve are innervated by nonadrenergic, noncholinergic nerves that contribute to the regulation of vasodilation. Using immunohistochemistry, the authors determined that nerves innervating epineurial arterioles contain the neuropeptide calcitonin gene–related peptide (CGRP). Using streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats, the authors demonstrated that CGRP content in sensory nerves innervating epineurial arterioles and vasodilation in response to exogenous CGRP was decreased. In summary, epineurial arterioles of the sciatic nerve are innervated by sensory nerves containing the neuropeptide CGRP. The diabetes-like condition induced by streptozotocin reduces the content of CGRP in these nerves and exogenous CGRPmediated vasodilation. CGRP is likely an important regulator of vascular tone and compromising its function could contribute to nerve ischemia and diabetic neuropathy.