- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Recently Accepted Articles ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 260525, 14 pages
Navajo Coal Combustion and Respiratory Health Near Shiprock, New Mexico
1Department of the Interior, United States Geological Survey, 12201 Sunrise Valley Drive, Mail Stop 956, Reston, VA 20192, USA
2Diné Environmental Institute, Diné College, 1228 Yucca Street, P.O. Box 580, Shiprock, NM 87420, USA
3School of Public Health, George Washington University, 2300 I Street, NW, Washington, DC 20037, USA
Received 18 December 2009; Accepted 23 April 2010
Academic Editor: Joachim Heinrich
Copyright © 2010 Joseph E. Bunnell et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- Navajo Nation Division of Economic Development, “An overview of the Navajo Nation—Demographics,” http://www.navajobusiness.com/fastFacts/demographics.htm.
- L. F. Brown, D. D. Hickmott, R. P. Currier, S. C. Semken, T. Lameman, and S. Yazzie, “Reducing adverse health effects and improving performance of stoves on the Navajo Reservation—a plan for action,” Report LAUR-4016 , Los Alamos National Laboratory, 1996.
- P. Reno, Mother Earth, Father Sky, and Economic Development—Navajo Resources and Their Use, University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, NM, USA.
- J. E. Bunnell and L. V. Garcia, Navajo coal and air quality in Shiprock, New Mexico, Official Fact Sheet no. 2006–3094, US Geological Survey, US Department of the Interior, Reston, Va, USA, 2006, http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2006/3094.
- D. W. Mapel, D. B. Coultas, D. S. James, W. C. Hunt, C. A. Stidley, and F. D. Gilliland, “Ethnic differences in the prevalence of nonmalignant respiratory disease among uranium miners,” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 87, no. 5, pp. 833–838, 1997.
- S. A. Lowther, D. K. Shay, R. C. Holman, M. J. Clarke, S. F. Kaufman, and L. J. Anderson, “Bronchiolitis-associated hospitalizations among American Indian and Alaska Native children,” Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 11–17, 2000.
- R. C. Holman, A. T. Curns, J. E. Cheek et al., “Respiratory syncytial virus hospitalizations among American Indian and Alaska Native infants and the general United States infant population,” Pediatrics, vol. 114, no. 4, pp. e437–e444, 2004.
- A. J. Peck, R. C. Holman, A. T. Curns et al., “Lower respiratory tract infections among American Indian and Alaska native children and the general population of U.S. children,” Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 342–351, 2005.
- J. R. Pleis and P. M. Barnes, “A comparison of respiratory conditions between multiple race adults and their single race counterparts: an analysis based on American Indian/Alaska Native and white adults,” Ethnicity and Health, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 399–415, 2008.
- A. L. Wright, C. Holberg, F. D. Martinez, and L. M. Taussig, “Relationship of parental smoking to wheezing and nonwheezing lower respiratory tract illnesses in infancy,” Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 118, no. 2, pp. 207–214, 1991.
- A. L. Wright, C. J. Holberg, L. M. Taussig, and F. D. Martinez, “Relationship of infant feeding to recurrent wheezing at age 6 years,” Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, vol. 149, no. 7, pp. 758–763, 1995.
- M. D. Lebowitz, R. Dodge, and J. Holberg, “The effect of environment on pulmonary function in children,” in Broncopneumologia Pediatrica, D. Castello and R. Ronchetti, Eds., pp. 187–196, Verduci, Rome, Italy, 1993.
- T. A. E. Platt-Mills, M. D. Chapman, S. P. Squillace, R. B. Sporik, R. S. Call, and P. W. Heymann, “The role of allergens,” in Asthma, Physiology, Immunopharmacology, and Treatment—Fourth International Symposium, S. T. Holgate, K. F. Austen, L. M. Lichtenstein, and A. B. Kay, Eds., pp. 27–39, Harcourt Brace, Boston, Mass, USA, 1993.
- M. R. Schuyler and D. N. Weissman, “Biological agents and allergic diseases,” in Indoor Air Pollution—a Health Perspective, J. M. Samet and J. D. Spengler, Eds., pp. 285–305, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Md, USA, 1991.
- D. Brugge and R. Goble, “The history of uranium mining and the Navajo people,” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 92, no. 9, pp. 1410–1419, 2002.
- N. Bruce, R. Perez-Padilla, and R. Albalak, “Indoor air pollution in developing countries: a major environmental and public health challenge,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 78, no. 9, pp. 1078–1092, 2000.
- M. Ezzati and D. M. Kammen, “The health impacts of exposure to indoor air pollution from solid fuels in developing countries: knowledge, gaps, and data needs,” Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 110, no. 11, pp. 1057–1068, 2002.
- Z. Qian, J. Zhang, L. R. Korn, F. Wei, and R. S. Chapman, “Exposure-response relationships between lifetime exposure to residential coal smoke and respiratory symptoms and illnesses in Chinese children,” Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. S78–S84, 2004.
- E. von Mutius, S. Illi, T. Nicolai, and F. D. Martinez, “Relation of indoor heating with asthma, allergic sensitisation, and bronchial responsiveness: survey of children in South Bavaria,” British Medical Journal, vol. 312, no. 7044, pp. 1448–1450, 1996.
- K. Morris, M. Morganlander, J. L. Coulehan, S. Gahagen, and V. C. Arena, “Wood-burning stoves and lower respiratory tract infection in American Indian children,” American Journal of Diseases of Children, vol. 144, no. 1, pp. 105–108, 1990.
- L. F. Robin, P. S. J. Lees, M. Winget et al., “Wood-burning stoves and lower respiratory illnesses in Navajo children,” Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 859–865, 1996.
- G. R. Yohe and E. O. Blodgett, “Reaction of coal with oxygen in the presence of aqueous sodium hydroxide—effect of methylation with dimethyl sulfate,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 69, no. 11, pp. 2644–2648, 1947.
- R. B. Finkelman, “Trace and minor elements in coal,” in Organic Geochemistry, M. H. Engel and S. A. Macko, Eds., pp. 593–607, Plenum Press, New York, NY, USA, 1993.
- X. Xu, J. Gao, D. W. Dockery, and Y. Chen, “Air pollution and daily mortality in residential areas of Beijing, China,” Archives of Environmental Health, vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 216–222, 1994.
- C. Janeway, Immunobiology, Garland Science, New York, NY, USA, 6th edition, 2004.
- J. E. Bunnell and L. V. Garcia, “Results of a survey of residential home heating fuel and stove type and use in the Shiprock area of the Navajo Nation,” Open-File Report 2008-1249, USGS, Reston, Va, USA, 2008.
- US EPA (US Environmental Protection Agency), “Area Designations for 2006 24-Hour NAAQS—Technical Information,” 2006, http://www.epa.gov/ttn/naaqs/pm/docs/2005_ei_new_mexico.xls.
- M. J. Wornat, E. B. Ledesma, A. K. Sandrowitz et al., “Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons identified in soot extracts from domestic coal-burning stoves of Henan Province, China,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 35, no. 10, pp. 1943–1952, 2001.
- Occupational Safety and Health Administration, “Hazardous and toxic substances standards,” 2006, http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/hazardoustoxicsubstances/standards.html.