Table 2: Bivariate associations between demographic characteristics, alcohol marketing, and alcohol education and problem drinking and drunkenness.

Current alcohol useProblem drinkingDrunkenness
Demographic characteristics%OR (95% CI)%OR (95% CI)%OR (95% CI)

Sex
 Boys38.90.76 (0.59–0.98)40.80. 73 (0.521.02)38.20.70 (0.55–0.89)
 Girls45.51.0048.81.0046.81.00
Age
 ≤1349.91.51 (0.862.65)48.31.45 (0.932.27)44.31.12 (0.721.73)
 1441.71.08 (0.751.58)53.11.76 (1.21–2.57)45.21.16 (0.911.47)
 1537.80.92 (0.631.35)42.41.15 (0.871.52)38.70.89 (0.671.17)
 ≥1639.71.0039.11.0041.61.00
Alcohol marketing
 Actors44.21.13 (0.851.51)47.21.13 (0.901.43)44.81.16 (0.891.52)
 Billboards34.50.65 (0.46–0.92)43.91.00 (0.761.31)36.30.74 (0.56–0.98)
 Provided free alcohol65.34.37 (3.21–5.95)58.92.51 (1.93–3.27)58.73.02 (2.34–3.90)
Alcohol education
 Danger of alcohol35.20.68 (0.441.07)37.70.65 (0.50–0.83)34.90.64 (0.46–0.89)
 Refuse alcohol39.70.89 (0.651.22)44.10.98 (0.771.25)39.30.82 (0.631.07)