Table 2: Characteristics of Nondaily, light and heavy smokers, current adult smokers aged 18 years and over—New York City Community Health Survey, 2010.

Nondaily smokerLight smokerHeavy smoker 𝑃 value
%%%

Overall35.637.0 27.4* 0.009
Mean cigarettes per day (SE)1.8 (0.1)7.1 (0.2)*23.4 (1.0)* <.001
Age group
 18–2414.616.45.0 0.061
 25–4452.045.447.5
 45–6426.830.536.3
 65+6.67.711.2
Race/Ethnicity
 White non-Hispanic41.3 31.3* 54.0* <.001
 Black non-Hispanic25.023.0 10.4*
 Hispanic27.236.824.0
 Other non-Hispanic6.69.011.6
Male50.647.1 66.4*0.029
Borough of residence
 Bronx16.718.515.5 0.428
 Brooklyn30.227.629.6
 Manhattan15.622.719.3
 Queens32.427.328.3
 Staten Island5.13.97.2
HS graduate or less (among adults aged 25+)39.244.348.5 0.020
Income (% federal poverty level)
 <200 FPL46.453.649.4 0.207
 200–<400 FPL21.616.8 13.5*
 ≥400 FPL32.029.737.1
Smoking Cessation (past 12 months)
 Tried to quit smoking73.4 51.4*54.8* 0.001
 Received provider advice to quit43.5 59.6*64.8* <.001
Smoking is not allowed in the home52.344.227.1* <.001
Time to first cigarette
 Within 60 minutes21.5 59.0*85.5* <.001
 More than 1 hour78.541.014.5
Source of last cigarette
 Carton7.810.435.4* <.001
 Pack66.1 76.6*60.2
 Single/loosie/bummed/roll own26.1 13.0*4.4
Last cigarette purchased from tax-avoidant location70.7 85.3*60.8<.001
Binge Drinking (last 30 days)28.724.938.00.503

*Significantly different from Nondaily smokers, 𝑃 < . 0 5 . See Section 2 for descriptions and definitions of smoker types.
Estimate’s Relative Standard Error (a measure of estimate precision) is greater than 30% or the sample size is too small, making the estimate potentially unreliable.
We present only one category for dichotomous variables to eliminate redundancy in the table.