- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Advance Access ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 203141, 9 pages
Built Environment and Its Influences on Walking among Older Women: Use of Standardized Geographic Units to Define Urban Forms
1Population Research Center and Institute of Metropolitan Studies, Portland State University, P.O. Box 751, Portland, OR 97207, USA
2Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Mail Code CB 669, Portland, OR 97239, USA
3Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research, Northwest/Hawaii, 3800 N. Interstate Avenue, Portland, OR 97227, USA
4Metro Data Resource Center, 600 NE Grand Avenue, Portland, OR 97232, USA
5Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Drexel University School of Public Health, 1505 Race Street, MS 1033, Philadelphia, PA 19102, USA
Received 4 January 2012; Accepted 12 June 2012
Academic Editor: David Strogatz
Copyright © 2012 Vivian W. Siu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- R. C. Brownson, T. K. Boehmer, and D. A. Luke, “Declining rates of physical activity in the United States: what are the contributors?” Annual Review of Public Health, vol. 26, pp. 421–443, 2005.
- S. L. Handy, M. G. Boarnet, R. Ewing, and R. E. Killingsworth, “How the built environment affects physical activity: views from urban planning,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 64–73, 2002.
- M. B. Neal, N. Chapman, J. Dill, et al., Age-Related Shifts in Housing and Transportation Demand, College of Urban and Public Affairs, Portland State University, 2006.
- R. C. Brownson, P. L. Remington, and J. R. Davis, Chronic Disease Epidemiology and Control, American Public Health Association, Washington, DC, USA, 2nd edition, 1998.
- C. Mathers, G. Stevens, and M. Mascarenhas, “Global health risks: mortality and burden of disease attributable to selected major risks,” Department of Health Statistics and Informatics, World Health Organization, 2009, http://www.who.int/healthinfo/global_burden_disease/GlobalHealthRisks_report_full.pdf.
- T. Prohaska, E. Belansky, B. Belza et al., “Physical activity, public health, and aging: critical issues and research priorities,” Journals of Gerontology B, vol. 61, no. 5, pp. S267–S273, 2006.
- T. J. Bungum and M. Thompson-Robinson, “Modes and locales of physical activity: older adults,” Californian Journal of Health Promotion, vol. 1, pp. 40–48, 2008.
- A. Forsyth, J. Michael Oakes, B. Lee, and K. H. Schmitz, “The built environment, walking, and physical activity: is the environment more important to some people than others?” Transportation Research D, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 42–49, 2009.
- C. L. Nagel, N. E. Carlson, M. Bosworth, and Y. L. Michael, “The relation between neighborhood built environment and walking activity among older adults,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 168, no. 4, pp. 461–468, 2008.
- M. Riva, L. Gauvin, P. Apparicio, and J. M. Brodeur, “Disentangling the relative influence of built and socioeconomic environments on walking: the contribution of areas homogenous along exposures of interest,” Social Science and Medicine, vol. 69, no. 9, pp. 1296–1305, 2009.
- D. A. Rodríguez, K. R. Evenson, A. V. Diez Roux, and S. J. Brines, “Land use, residential density, and walking. The multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 397–404, 2009.
- R. Shigematsu, J. F. Sallis, T. L. Conway et al., “Age differences in the relation of perceived neighborhood environment to walking,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 314–321, 2009.
- W. C. King, S. H. Belle, J. S. Brach, L. R. Simkin-Silverman, T. Soska, and A. M. Kriska, “Objective measures of neighborhood environment and physical activity in older women,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 461–469, 2005.
- M. S. Mujahid, A. V. D. Roux, M. Shen et al., “Relation between neighborhood environments and obesity in the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 167, no. 11, pp. 1349–1357, 2008.
- H. M. Badland, G. M. Schofield, K. Witten, et al., “Understanding the relationship between activity and neighbourhoods (URBAN) Study: research design and methodology,” BioMed Central Public Health, vol. 9, pp. 224–234, 2009.
- E. Cerin, E. Leslie, L. D. Toit, N. Owen, and L. D. Frank, “Destinations that matter: associations with walking for transport,” Health and Place, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 713–724, 2007.
- J. Lin and L. Long, “What neighborhood are you in? Empirical findings of relationships between household travel and neighborhood characteristics,” Transportation, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 739–758, 2008.
- M. G. Boarnet, M. Greenwald, and T. E. McMillan, “Walking, urban design, and health: toward a cost-benefit analysis framework,” Journal of Planning Education and Research, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 341–358, 2008.
- R. Boer, Y. Zheng, A. Overton, G. K. Ridgeway, and D. A. Cohen, “Neighborhood design and walking Trips in Ten U.S. Metropolitan areas,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 298–304, 2007.
- P. F. Coogan, L. F. White, T. J. Adler, K. M. Hathaway, J. R. Palmer, and L. Rosenberg, “Prospective study of urban form and physical activity in the black women's health study,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 170, no. 9, pp. 1105–1117, 2009.
- L. Gauvin, M. Riva, T. Barnett et al., “Association between neighborhood active living potential and walking,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 167, no. 8, pp. 944–953, 2008.
- D. T. Duncan, J. Aldstadt, J. Whalen, S. J. Melly, and S. L. Gortmaker, “Validation of WalkScore for estimating neighborhood walkability: an analysis of four US metropolitan areas,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 8, no. 11, pp. 4160–4179, 2011.
- L. D. Frank, J. F. Sallis, T. L. Conway, J. E. Chapman, B. E. Saelens, and W. Bachman, “Many pathways from land use to health: associations between neighborhood walkability and active transportation, body mass index, and air quality,” Journal of the American Planning Association, vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 75–87, 2006.
- F. Li, K. J. Fisher, R. C. Brownson, and M. Bosworth, “Multilevel modelling of built environment characteristics related to neighbourhood walking activity in older adults,” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, vol. 59, no. 7, pp. 558–564, 2005.
- G. R. McCormack, B. Giles-Corti, and M. Bulsara, “The relationship between destination proximity, destination mix and physical activity behaviors,” Preventive Medicine, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 33–40, 2008.
- B. E. Saelens and S. L. Handy, “Built environment correlates of walking: a review,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 40, no. 7, supplement, pp. S550–566, 2008.
- L. Huang, D. G. Stinchcomb, L. W. Pickle, J. Dill, and D. Berrigan, “Identifying clusters of active transportation using spatial scan statistics,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 157–166, 2009.
- R. Ewing and R. Cervero, “Travel and the built environment,” Journal of the American Planning Association, vol. 76, no. 3, pp. 265–294, 2010.
- S. R. Cummings, D. M. Black, M. C. Nevitt et al., “Appendicular bone density and age predict hip fracture in women,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 263, no. 5, pp. 665–668, 1990.
- S. R. Cummings, M. C. Nevitt, W. S. Browner et al., “Risk factors for hip fracture in white women,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 332, no. 12, pp. 767–773, 1995.
- V. Siu, “Reliability and validity of spatially derived neighborhood design measures for the Portland metro area, 1988–2006,” Internship Report for Oregon Health & Science University Master of Public Health Degree, 2009.
- P. Diehr and C. Hirsch, “Health benefits of increased walking for sedentary, generally healthy older adults: using longitudinal data to approximate an intervention trial,” Journals of Gerontology A, vol. 65, no. 9, pp. 982–989, 2010.
- T. Calinski and J. Harabasz, “A dendrite method for cluster analysis,” Communications in Statistics-Theory and Methods, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 1–27, 1974.
- M. Schlossberg, A. W. Agrawal, K. Irvin, and V. L. Bekkouche, “How far, by which route, and why? A spatial analysis of pedestrian preference,” Report 06-06, Mineta Transportation Institute, San Jose State University, 2007.
- R. F. Wiseman and C. C. Roseman, “A typology of elderly migration based on the decision making process.,” Economic Geography, vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 324–337, 1979.
- J. F. Sergeant, D. J. Ekerdt, and R. Chapin, “Measurement of late-life residential relocation: why are rates for such a manifest event so varied?” Journals of Gerontology B, vol. 63, no. 2, pp. S92–S98, 2008.
- G. Lin, “Elderly migration: household versus individual approaches,” Papers in Regional Science, vol. 76, no. 3, pp. 285–300, 1997.
- L. D. Frank, B. E. Saelens, K. E. Powell, and J. E. Chapman, “Stepping towards causation: do built environments or neighborhood and travel preferences explain physical activity, driving, and obesity?” Social Science and Medicine, vol. 65, no. 9, pp. 1898–1914, 2007.
- S. Handy, X. Cao, and P. L. Mokhtarian, “Self-selection in the relationship between the built environment and walking: empirical evidence from Northern California,” Journal of the American Planning Association, vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 55–74, 2006.
- R. F. Wiseman and M. Virden, “Spatial and social dimensions of intraurban elderly migration,” Economic Geography, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 1–13, 1977.