Table 2: Summary of self-reported daily walking by older women living in Portland metropolitan area according to urban-form cluster.

Urban-form clusterNumber of blocks walked per day
MeanStandard deviationMedianMinimumMaximumN

Walking for utilitarian purposes

Cluster 1: central city6.395.685148694
Cluster 2: city periphery5.765.654160573
Cluster 3: suburb6.677.134.5148170
Cluster 4: urban fringe with poor commercial area access5.655.35412420
Cluster 5: urban fringe with poor park area access6.957.60413641
Cluster 6: satellite city5.334.3051159

Walking for leisure purposes

Cluster 1: central city14.6910.8512182492
Cluster 2: city periphery13.8810.3012172457
Cluster 3: suburb14.2810.5212148151
Cluster 4: urban fringe with poor commercial area access9.798.40812414
Cluster 5: urban fringe with poor park area access11.668.551013629
Cluster 6: satellite city15.0010.2013.55286

Walking for leisure and utilitarian purposes combined, excluding those who do not walk regularly

Cluster 1: central city14.6013.36111102799
Cluster 2: city periphery13.9812.8810196690
Cluster 3: suburb15.5913.4512166211
Cluster 4: urban fringe with poor commercial area access10.009.65513025
Cluster 5: urban fringe with poor park area access13.8411.121214445
Cluster 6: satellite city13.8011.839.523610

Walking for leisure and utilitarian purposes combined, including those who do not walk regularly

Cluster 1: central city13.2413.4190102881
Cluster 2: city periphery12.2612.918096787
Cluster 3: suburb13.4313.609066245
Cluster 4: urban fringe with poor commercial area access8.939.634.503028
Cluster 5: urban fringe with poor park area access12.2211.371004451
Cluster 6: satellite city10.6211.90603613