Table 1: Physical, social-cultural, economic, and political environmental changes to promote healthy dietary behavior and physical activity (PA).

PhysicalSocial-culturalEconomicPolitical

FoodNutrition labeling

Point-of-purchase prompts

Placing of healthy foods in more prominent places

Increasing availability and accessibility of healthy foods

Decreasing the availability and accessibility of unhealthy foods

Restricting the use of logos

Restricting the scheduling of commercials promoting unhealthy food to children
Providing social norm feedback

Increasing visibility of healthy role models

Facilitating healthy food group activities
Decreasing the price of healthy food

Increasing the price of unhealthy food
Implementing policies towards the provision of physical, social, and economic environmental changes

Rewarding healthy food choices

Punishing unhealthy food choices

Changes in the laws governing advertising

Physical activityPoint-of choice prompts

Tailoring prompts to target certain populations

Increasing attractiveness of the PA environment

Decreasing the availability and accessibility of inactive choices

Placing of active alternatives (e.g., stairs) at more prominent places

Increasing visibility of active alternatives

Increasing availability and accessibility of active alternatives
Providing social norm feedback

Increasing visibility of healthy models

Facilitating group PA activities
Decreasing price of structured PA activities

Increasing the cost of car parking

Congestion charging in major cities

Fair subsidies for public transport
Implementing policies towards the provision of physical, social, and economic environmental changes

Provision of pedestrianized areas

Rewarding physically active alternatives

Punishing choices for physically inactive alternatives

Transport planning