Table 2: Bicycle crash location characteristics by case and control groups.


MV controls 
(%)MV cases 
(%)Severe controls 
(%)Severe cases 
(%)

Traffic and land use characteristics
 Estimated avg. speed > 30 km/hr121(62.1)35(83.3)134(55.8)22(64.7)
  n/a8(4.1)0(0.0)38(15.8)7(20.6)
  Unknown25(12.8)1(2.4)25(10.4)1(2.9)
 Predominant feature
  Housing114(58.5)17(40.5)122(50.8)15(44.1)
  Retail7(3.6)10(23.8)12(5.0)5(14.7)
  Nature34(17.4)4(9.5)58(24.2)6(17.6)

Path characteristics (side 1)
 Path type
  No path19(9.7)5(11.9)21(8.8)3(8.8)
  Sidewalk137(70.3)30(71.4)154(64.2)20(58.8)
  Shared with markings11(5.6)1(2.4)26(10.8)6(17.6)
  Shared no markings28(14.4)6(14.3)39(16.3)5(14.7)
 Path location
  Within 1 m of road114(58.5)30(71.4)128(53.3)16(47.1)
  Btw 1 and 3 m of road33(16.9)6(14.3)33(13.8)7(20.6)
  >3 m from road28(14.4)1(2.4)54(22.5)8(23.5)
  n/a19(9.7)5(11.9)21(8.8)3(8.8)
  Unknown1(0.5)0(0.0)4(1.7)0(0.0)
 Good condition111(56.9)20(47.6)135(56.3)15(44.1)
  n/a19(9.7)5(11.9)21(8.8)3(8.8)
 Any obstructions79(40.5)22(52.4)103(42.9)13(38.2)
  n/a19(9.7)5(11.9)21(8.8)3(8.8)

Path characteristics (side 2)
 Path type
  No path62(31.8)8(19.0)68(28.3)7(20.6)
  Sidewalk110(56.4)26(61.9)128(53.3)14(41.2)
  Shared with markings4(2.1)1(2.4)13(5.4)4(11.8)
  Shared no markings16(8.2)6(14.3)24(10.0)4(11.8)
  n/a3(1.5)0(0.0)6(2.5)5(14.7)
  Unknown0(0.0)1(2.4)1(0.4)0(0.0)
 Path location
  Within 1 m of road80(41.0)25(59.5)93(38.8)12(35.3)
  Btw 1 and 3 m of road32(16.4)8(19.0)36(15.0)4(11.8)
  >3 m from road17(8.7)0(0.0)32(13.3)6(17.6)
  n/a65(33.3)8(19.0)74(30.8)12(35.3)
  Unknown1(0.5)1(2.4)5(2.1)0(0.0)
 Good condition85(43.6)21(50.0)103(42.9)13(38.2)
  n/a65(33.3)8(19.0)74(30.8)12(35.3)
 Any obstructions48(24.6)19(45.2)64(26.7)9(26.5)
  n/a65(33.3)8(19.0)74(30.8)12(35.3)

Roadway characteristics
 Marked bike lane8(4.1)4(9.5)11(4.6)1(2.9)
  n/a0(0.0)0(0.0)30(12.5)7(20.6)
  Unknown3(1.5)1(2.4)3(1.3)1(2.9)
 Good road condition132(67.7)25(59.5)144(60.0)13(38.2)
  n/a0(0.0)0(0.0)30(12.5)7(20.6)
 >4 lanes of traffic62(31.8)23(54.8)70(29.2)15(44.1)
  n/a0(0.0)0(0.0)30(12.5)7(20.6)
  Unknown4(2.1)0(0.0)4(1.7)0(0.0)
 Mountable curb (side 1)115(59.0)22(52.4)123(51.3)14(41.2)
  n/a19(9.7)2(4.8)50(20.8)8(23.5)
  Unknown2(1.0)0(0.0)2(0.8)0(0.0)
 Traffic control devices130(66.7)18(42.9)133(55.4)15(44.1)
  n/a0(0.0)0(0.0)30(12.5)7(20.6)
  Missing4(2.1)0(0.0)2(0.8)2(5.9)
 Intersections118(60.5)36(85.7)152(63.3)22(64.7)
  Unknown6(3.1)0(0.0)88(36.7)12(35.3)

Safety characteristics
 Lights over path (side 1) 114(58.5)27(64.3)129(53.8)15(44.1)
  n/a47(24.1)10(23.8)75(31.3)12(35.3)
  Unknown1(0.5)0(0.0)3(1.3)0(0.0)
 Lights over path (side 2)106(54.4)30(71.4)126(52.5)13(38.2)
  n/a46(23.6)5(11.9)68(28.3)12(35.3)
  Unknown1(0.5)0(0.0)4(1.7)0(0.0)
 Destinations 92(47.2)30(71.4)116(48.3)17(50.0)
  Unknown0(0.0)0(0.0)1(0.4)0(0.0)
 High surveillance101(51.8)19(45.2)116(48.3)10(29.4)
  n/a5(2.6)0(0.0)19(7.9)5(14.7)

Aesthetic characteristics
 Natural features105(53.8)14(33.3)133(55.4)22(64.7)
 Attractive for cycling169(86.7)32(76.2)208(86.7)27(79.4)
 Difficult for cycling48(24.6)14(33.3)66(27.5)12(35.3)
 Continuity172(88.2)39(92.9)210(87.5)33(97.1)
  n/a1(0.5)0(0.0)1(0.4)0(0.0)
  Unknown7(3.6)0(0.0)7(2.9)0(0.0)