Table 1: Agents that trigger autoimmune disease.

InfectionsEpstein-Barr’s virus, cytomegalovirus, parvovirus, enteropathogenic bacteria
Vaccine immunogensMultiple sclerosis, Guillain-Barre’s syndrome, autism, rheumatoid arthritis, reactive arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, diabetes, vasculitis, dermatomyositis, polyarteritis nodosa
Adjuvants used to enhance immune responseLupus erythematosus, brain directed autoantibodies, arthritis, nephritis
Birth control, pregnancyAutoimmune thyroid disease
SmokingRheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, multiple sclerosis, Graves’ hyperthyroidism, Crohn’s disease
StressType 1 diabetes, Grave’s disease

Adapted from [3, 4].