- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Annual Issues ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents

Journal of Function Spaces

Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 606109, 8 pages

http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/606109

## Projection Methods for a System of Nonlinear Mixed Variational Inequalities in Banach Spaces

^{1}Department of Mathematics, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China^{2}School of Science, Guangxi University for Nationalities, Nanning, Guangxi 530006, China

Received 29 October 2013; Accepted 8 December 2013; Published 15 May 2014

Academic Editor: M. Van Nguyen

Copyright © 2014 Zhong-Bao Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

#### Abstract

The existence and uniqueness of solution for a system of nonlinear mixed variational inequality in Banach spaces is given firstly. A Mann iterative sequences with errors for this system of nonlinear mixed variational inequalities in Banach spaces is studied, by using the generalized *f*-projection operator . Our results extend the main results in (Verma (2005); Verma (2001)) from Hilbert spaces to Banach spaces.

#### 1. Introduction

Throughout this paper, unless otherwise stated, we let be a real Banach space with the norm , we let be the topological dual space of , we let be the duality between , and we let and be a nonempty closed convex set.

Let be single-valued mappings. Let be the normalized duality mapping, and let be a proper lower semicontinuous mapping. We will consider the following system of nonlinear mixed variational inequalities problems (SNMVIP): find satisfying where and .

If is a real Hilbert space, , , and , then SNMVIP (1) reduces to the following problem: The problem (2) was introduced and studied by Verma [1, 2]. We note that for the problem (2) reduces to the nonlinear variational inequalities problem: determine an element such that

In brief, the system of nonlinear mixed variational inequalities (1) is more general and includes many systems of variational inequalities and variational inequalities as special cases.

It is well known that the projection method and its variant forms have represented an important tool for solving variational inequalities and the system of variational inequalities; see [1–21] and the references therein. Wu and Huang [10] introduced and studied a new class of generalized -projection operators in Banach spaces, which extends the definition of the generalized projection operators introduced and studied by Alber [3, 4] and Li [7]. Some properties of the generalized -projection operator are given in [10]. By using the generalized projection operators and the generalized -projection operators, some authors studied the existence theorems of solution and some iterative algorithms of approximating solutions for variational inequalities; see [3, 4, 6–8, 10–12].

In addition, Verma [1, 2] applies the metric projection operator technique and the fixed theorem to suggest some iterative algorithms for the system of variational inequalities with the monotone mappings in Hilbert spaces. By using the sunny nonexpansive retraction, Yao et al. [21] prove that the suggested two-step projection method converges strongly to the solution of a system of variational inequality, which extend the main results in Verma [1] from Hilbert spaces to Banach spaces. Recently, Wang et al. show that the Lipschitz continuity of the generalized -projection operator and the normalized duality mapping and study a class of system of generalized mixed variational inequalities in Banach spaces.

Motivated and inspired by the research work going on this field, in this paper, we firstly show the existence and uniqueness of solution for a system of nonlinear mixed variational inequality in Banach spaces. By using the generalized -projection operator , we study Mann iterative sequences with errors for this system of nonlinear mixed variational inequalities in Banach spaces. Our results extend and improve the main results in Verma [1, 2] from Hilbert spaces to Banach spaces.

#### 2. Preliminaries

Recall that is said to be strictly convex if for all , with and . It is also said to be uniformly convex if for any two sequences , in with and . The function is called the modulus of convexity of . It is well known that is -uniformly convex if and only if there exists a constant such that for all . Recall that is said to be smooth if exists for all with . It is also said to be uniformly smooth if the limit is attained uniformly for . The function is called the modulus of smoothness of . It is known that is said to be -uniformly smooth if and only if there exists a constant such that . Moreover, is uniformly convex if and only if is uniformly smooth. In this case, is reflexive by the Milman theorem.

Next we recall the concept of the normalized duality mapping. The normalized duality mapping is defined by Many properties of the normalized duality mapping can be found in [18].

We list some properties of as follows:if is a smooth Banach space, then is single-valued and continuous from the strong topology of to the weak topology of ; is the identity operator in Hilbert spaces;if is a reflexive, smooth, and strictly convex Banach space, and is the normalized duality mapping on , then , and .

For any fixed , let be a function defined as follows: where , and is proper, convex, and lower semicontinuous. It is easy to see that for all and .

*Definition 1. *We say that has the property if weakly and implies .

*Remark 2. *It is well known that any locally uniformly convex Banach space has the property and has a Fréchet differentiable norm if and only if is reflexive and strictly convex and has the property (see, e.g., [19]).

*Definition 3 (see [10]). *We say that is a generalized -projection operator if

*Remark 4. *(i) If for all , then the generalized -projection operator reduces to the generalized projection operator defined by Alber [4] and Li [7]; that is,
where for all and .

(ii) If for all and is a Hilbert space, then the generalized -projection operator is equivalent to the following metric projection operator:

*Definition 5. *Let be a reflexive, smooth, and strictly convex Banach space with the dual space , and denote the family of all nonempty subsets of . is said to be -strongly monotone if there exists a constant satisfying

*Remark 6. *If is a Hilbert space, then -strongly monotonicity reduce to strongly monotonicity in [15].

Theorem 7 7 (see [6, 10]). *If is a reflexive Banach space with dual space and is a nonempty closed convex subset of , then the following conclusions hold:*(i)*for any given , is a nonempty, closed, and convex subset of ;*(ii)*if B is smooth, then for any given , if and only if
*(iii)*if is strictly convex, then the operator is single-valued.*

Lemma 8 (see [13]). * is -uniformly smooth if and only if there exists a constant such that, for all ,
*

Lemma 9 9 (see [20]). *Let , , and be three sequences of nonnegative numbers satisfying the following conditions: there exists such that
**
where
**
Then as .*

Proposition 10 10 (see [14]). *Let be a reflexive, smooth, and strictly convex Banach space with the dual space . Then for any ,
**
where .*

Proposition 11 11 (see [14]). *Let be a real uniformly convex and uniformly smooth Banach space. Then
**
where and .*

Proposition 12. *Let be a reflexive, smooth, and strictly convex Banach space with the dual space , let have the property (h), and let be a nonempty closed convex subset of . For any , let and . Then
**
where .*

*Proof. *According to Proposition 10,
where . Since and , Theorem 7 yields
It follows from (20) that
and so
By (19), we have
where . This completes the proof.

Theorem 13. *Let be a reflexive, smooth, and -uniformly convex Banach space with the dual space and for some . Then there exist a constant such that
*

*Proof. *From Proposition 12, it follows that
where . Since , (25) implies that
and so
This completes the proof.

Theorem 14. *Let be a real -uniformly smooth and uniformly convex Banach space with the dual space and for some . Then there exist a constant such that
*

*Proof. *From Proposition 11, it follows that
where and . Since ,
This completes the proof.

#### 3. Main Results

From Theorem 7, we know that the following theorem holds.

Theorem 15. *Let be a -uniformly smooth and -uniformly convex Banach space. is a solution of the (1) if and only if satisfying
*

In the sequel, we shall show the existence and uniqueness of solution for the problems (1), (2), and (3), respectively. Next, we construct some new iterative algorithms for the problems (1), (2), and (3). We also give the convergence analysis of the iterative sequences generated by the algorithms.

Theorem 16. *Let be a -uniformly smooth and -uniformly convex Banach space with for some and for some . Let be single-valued mappings. Let and be the normalized duality mapping, and let be a proper lower semicontinuous mapping. Suppose that the following conditions are satisfied: *(i)*for each , is -strongly monotone with constants and -Lipschitz continuous;*(ii)*for each , is -Lipschitz continuous;** and that there exist constants satisfying
**
Then SNMVIP (1) has a unique solution .*

*Proof. *First, we prove the existence of the solution. Define a mapping as follows:
For any , by Theorem 13, we know that there exists such that
Theorem 14 implies that there exists such that
From condition (i) and Lemma 8, it follows that
By condition (ii) and Theorem 13, we know that
By (35), condition (i), and Lemma 8, we have
Thus
Condition (ii) and (39) imply that
From (34)–(40), we have
It follows from (32) that and . Thus, (41) implies that is a contractive mapping and so there exists a point such that . Let
From the definition of , we have
By Theorem 15, we know that is a solution of SNMVIP (1).

Next, we show the uniqueness of the solution. Let be another solution of SNMVIP (1). It follows from Theorem 15 that
As the proof of (41), we have
Since and , it follows that and so . This completes the proof.

It is clear that if is a Hilbert space, then we can take in Theorem 16. According to Theorem 16, it is easy to get the following corollaries.

Corollary 17. *Let be a real Hilbert space, let be a nonempty closed convex set, and let be strongly monotone with constants and -Lipschitz continuous. There exist satisfying
**
Then the problem (2) has a unique solution .*

Corollary 18. *Let be a real Hilbert space, let be a nonempty closed convex set, and let be strongly monotone with constants and -Lipschitz continuous. There exists satisfying
**
Then the problem (3) has a unique solution .*

*Algorithm 19. *For any given , define the Mann iterative sequences and with errors as follows:
where is a sequence in and , , and are three sequences in satisfying the following conditions:

If is a real Hilbert space, , , and , then Algorithm 19 reduces to the following iterative algorithm.

*Algorithm 20 (see [2, Algorithm 2.1]). *For any given , define the iterative sequences and as follows:
where is a sequence in satisfying the following conditions:

If is a real Hilbert space, , , , and , then Algorithm 19 reduces to the following iterative algorithm.

*Algorithm 21 21 (see [1, Algorithm 2.2]). *For any given , define the iterative sequences as follows:
where is a sequence in satisfying the following conditions:

Theorem 22. *Let , , , , , and be the same as in Theorem 16, and let be the iterative sequence generated by Algorithm 19. If the condition (32) holds, then converges strongly to the unique solution of SNMVIP (1).*

*Proof. *By Theorem 16, we know that SNMVIP (1) has a unique solution . It follows from Theorem 15 that
By Lipschitz property of , Theorem 13, (48), and (54), we have
Since is -strongly monotone with constants and -Lipschitz continuous, by Theorem 14 and Lemma 8, we obtain
Combining (55) and (56), we obtain

From Lipschitz property of , (48), and (54), it follows that
Since is -strongly monotone with constants and -Lipschitz continuous, Theorem 14 and Lemma 8 imply that
It follows from (57)–(59) that
Taking , , , and , Lemma 9 implies that and so as . Since , by (58) and (59), we know that as . This completes the proof.

Corollary 23 (see [2, Theorem 2.1]). *Let , , and be the same as in Corollary 17, and let and be the iterative sequence generated by Algorithm 20. If there exist constants satisfying
**
then converges strongly to the unique solution of the problem (2).*

Corollary 24 (see [1, Theorem 3.3]). *Let , , and be the same as in Corollary 18, and let be the iterative sequence generated by Algorithm 21. If there exists satisfying
**
then converges strongly to the unique solution of the problem (3).*

#### Conflict of Interests

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.

#### Acknowledgments

The second author was partially supported by the Guangxi Natural Science Foundation (2013GXNSFBA019015), the Scientific Research Foundation of Guangxi University for Nationalities (2012QD015), and the Open fund of Guangxi key laboratory of hybrid computation and IC design analysis (2013HCIC06). The third author was partially supported by the Key Program of the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (A0920502051202-111).

#### References

- R. U. Verma, “General convergence analysis for two-step projection methods and applications to variational problems,”
*Applied Mathematics Letters*, vol. 18, no. 11, pp. 1286–1292, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - R. U. Verma, “Projection methods, algorithms, and a new system of nonlinear variational inequalities,”
*Computers & Mathematics with Applications*, vol. 41, no. 7-8, pp. 1025–1031, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - Y. Alber, “The regularization method for variational inequalities with nonsmooth unbounded operators in Banach space,”
*Applied Mathematics Letters*, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 63–68, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet - Y. Alber, “Metric and generalized projection operators in Banach spaces: properties and applications,” in
*Theory and Applications of Nonlinear Operators of Accretive and Monotone Type*, A. Kartsatos, Ed., vol. 178, pp. 15–50, Dekker, New York, NY, USA, 1996. View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - F. Facchinei and J. S. Pang,
*Finite Dimensional Variational Inequalities and Complementarity Problems*, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 2003. - J. H. Fan, X. Liu, and J. Li, “Iterative schemes for approximating solutions of generalized variational inequalities in Banach spaces,”
*Nonlinear Analysis*, vol. 70, no. 11, pp. 3997–4007, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - J. L. Li, “The generalized projection operator on reflexive Banach spaces and its applications,”
*Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications*, vol. 306, no. 1, pp. 55–71, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - X. Li, N. J. Huang, and D. O'Regan, “Strong convergence theorems for relatively nonexpansive mappings in Banach spaces with applications,”
*Computers & Mathematics with Applications*, vol. 60, no. 5, pp. 1322–1331, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - X. Li, N. J. Huang, and Y. Z. Zou, “On the stability of generalized $f$-projection operators with an application,”
*Acta Mathematica Sinica*, vol. 54, no. 5, pp. 811–822, 2011. View at MathSciNet - K. Q. Wu and N. J. Huang, “The generalised $f$-projection operator with an application,”
*Bulletin of the Australian Mathematical Society*, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. 307–317, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet - K. Q. Wu and N. J. Huang, “Properties of the generalized $f$-projection operator and its applications in Banach spaces,”
*Computers & Mathematics with Applications*, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 399–406, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet - K. Q. Wu and N. J. Huang, “The generalized $f$-projection operator and set-valued variational inequalities in Banach spaces,”
*Nonlinear Analysis*, vol. 71, no. 7-8, pp. 2481–2490, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet - H. K. Xu, “Inequalities in Banach spaces with applications,”
*Nonlinear Analysis*, vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 1127–1138, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - Y. Alber and J. C. Yao, “Another version of the proximal point algorithm in a Banach space,”
*Nonlinear Analysis*, vol. 70, no. 9, pp. 3159–3171, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - S. S. Chang, H. W. J. Lee, and C. K. Chan, “Generalized system for relaxed cocoercive variational inequalities in Hilbert spaces,”
*Applied Mathematics Letters*, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 329–334, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - F. Q. Xia and N. J. Huang, “An inexact hybrid projection-proximal point algorithm for solving generalized mixed variational inequalities,”
*Computers & Mathematics with Applications*, vol. 62, no. 12, pp. 4596–4604, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - F. Q. Xia and N. J. Huang, “A projection-proximal point algorithm for solving generalized variational inequalities,”
*Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications*, vol. 150, no. 1, pp. 98–117, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - I. Cioranescu,
*Geometry of Banach Spaces, Duality Mappings and Nonlinear Problems*, vol. 62, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet - W. Takahashi,
*Nonlinear Functional Analysis*, Yokohama Publishers, Yokohama, Japan, 2000. View at MathSciNet - J. K. Kim and D. S. Kim, “A new system of generalized nonlinear mixed variational inequalities in Hilbert spaces,”
*Journal of Convex Analysis*, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 235–243, 2004. View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - Y. H. Yao, Y. C. Liou, and S. M. Kang, “Two-step projection methods for a system of variational inequality problems in Banach spaces,”
*Journal of Global Optimization*, vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 801–811, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet