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Clinical and Developmental Immunology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 173029, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/173029
Research Article

Immunological and Nonimmunological Effects of Indoleamine 2,3-Dioxygenase on Breast Tumor Growth and Spontaneous Metastasis Formation

1Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
2University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Hillman Cancer Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
3Department of Immunology, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
4Department of Pathology, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA

Received 27 January 2012; Accepted 6 March 2012

Academic Editor: Masoud H. Manjili

Copyright © 2012 Vera Levina et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite this Article

Vera Levina, Yunyun Su, and Elieser Gorelik, “Immunological and Nonimmunological Effects of Indoleamine 2,3-Dioxygenase on Breast Tumor Growth and Spontaneous Metastasis Formation,” Clinical and Developmental Immunology, vol. 2012, Article ID 173029, 12 pages, 2012. doi:10.1155/2012/173029