Table 2: Cytokines and chemokines significantly associated with resistance to HIV-1 infection in the Beninese HIV-1-uninfected and infected CSW cohort.

Cytokines/chemokinesHIV-resistant CSWs HIV-infected CSWs

Genital mucosa
 TNF-
  IFN-
  MIP-1 ↑↑
  MCP-3↑↑
  MIG↑↑
Blood
 IL-2
 IL-10
 TNF-
 MIP-1
 MIP-1
 MCP-3
 MIG

[100, 101].
CSW: commercial sex worker; IL: interleukin; IFN: interferon; MCP: monocyte chemotactic protein; MIG: monokine induced by gamma interferon; MIP: macrophage inflammatory protein; TNF: tumour necrosis factor.