Table 3: Hospitalized versus nonhospitalized patients for respiratory-related illness based on indication.

IndicationHospitalized (%)
Not hospitalized (%)
value ( )

Premature384 (43.9)8367 (67.3)<0.0005
 ≤28 weeks GA 145 (16.6)1805 (14.5)0.101
 29–32 weeks GA175 (20.0)4645 (37.4)<0.0005
 33–35 weeks GA64 (7.3)1902 (15.3)<0.0005
CLD128 (14.6)920 (7.4)<0.0005
HSCHD 146 (16.7)1268 (10.2)<0.0005
Other 217 (24.8)1880 (15.1)<0.0005
 Neuromuscular disorders28 (3.2)125 (1.0)<0.0005
 Airway anomaly45 (5.1)299 (2.4)<0.0005
 Cystic fibrosis9 (1.0)222 (1.8)0.115
 Down syndrome38 (4.3)411 (3.3)0.096
 Pulmonary37 (4.2)309 (2.5)0.003
 Cardiac ≥ 2 years4 (0.5)38 (0.3)0.355
 Immunocompromised9 (1.0)41 (0.3)0.005
 Multisystem anomalies18 (2.1)113 (0.9)0.004
 Various medical disorders29 (3.3)322 (2.6)0.188

HSCHD: hemodynamically significant congenital heart disease; CLD: chronic lung disease.