- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Recently Accepted Articles ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents

Journal of Mathematics

Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 434205, 7 pages

http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/434205

## Fixed Point Theorems for a Class of Weakly C-Contractive Mappings in a Setting of 2-Banach Space

^{1}Department of Mathematics, The University of Burdwan, Burdwan, West Bengal, 713104, India^{2}Burdwan Railway Balika Vidyapith High School, Khalasipara, Burdwan, West Bengal, 713101, India

Received 26 September 2012; Accepted 1 December 2012

Academic Editor: Baoding Liu

Copyright © 2013 M. Saha and Anamika Ganguly. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

#### Abstract

In this paper, the authors have proved some existence theorems of fixed points for a class of weakly C-contractive mappings in a setting of 2-Banach space. The authors have supported the results with the help of suitable examples.

#### 1. Introduction

The theory of 2-Banach spaces was investigated by Gähler in [1] and Iseki in [2] who proved some fixed point theorems in such spaces and these new spaces have subsequently been studied by many authors. For example, we refer to [3, 4] where authors have dealt with mappings that are of contractive nature. Our findings as presented here have added further findings in fixed point theory in a 2-Banach space by working with a class of mappings so general that take care of those as found in [5, 6].

We now state some definitions before presenting our main results.

#### 2. Preliminaries

*Definition 1. *Let be a real linear space and a non-negative real valued function defined on satisfying the following conditions:(i) if and only if and are linearly dependent,(ii) for all ,(iii), being real for all ,(iv) for all .Then is called a 2-norm and the pair is called a linear 2-normed space. So a 2-norm always satisfies for all and all scalars .

*Definition 2. *A sequence in a linear 2-normed space is said to be a Cauchy sequence if for all in .

*Definition 3. *A sequence in a linear 2-normed space is said to be convergent in if there exists a point in such that for all in . If converges to , we write as .

*Definition 4. *A linear 2-normed space is said to be complete if every Cauchy sequence is convergent to an element of . A complete linear 2-normed space is called a 2-Banach space.

The main purpose of our paper is to find out the existence of fixed point for a class of weakly C-contractive results due to Choudhury [7] in a setting of 2-Banach space. We have also established a common fixed point theorem for such type of mappings with a supporting example. Some allied theorems have also been presented here.

#### 3. Main Results

*Definition 5. *A mapping is said to be weakly -contractive or a weak -contraction if for all in ,
where is a continuous mapping such that if and only if .

Theorem 6. *Let be a 2-Banach space and let be a weak C-contraction. Then has a unique fixed point in .*

*Proof. *Let . Let , .

If , then has a fixed point .

Assume that . Now for any ,
Therefore,
So is a monotone decreasing sequence of real numbers and hence is convergent and let (say) as

We now show that . If not, then
Taking , we get
implying that

Also from (2) and using continuity of , we get showing that , a contradiction, unless . So, as , that is
We shall now show that is Cauchy sequence in .

If not, then there exists a and for each positive integer , there exist integers and with such that and . Then
Also,
So by using (7), we obtain
Now
Also
Therefore,

Similarly, it can be shown that
So from (8), we get
implying that , a contradiction.

Hence is a Cauchy sequence and therefore is a convergent in and let (say) as . Now for any ,
So by the continuity of and taking , we get
implying that .

We shall now show that the fixed point is unique. If possible let be another fixed point of , then for any
which by property of is a contradiction unless for all that is .

This completes the proof.

*Example 7. *Let be and consider the following 2-norm on as
where , . Then is a 2-Banach space (see [8, 9]).

is defined by for all . Also let .

Now setting
is a continuous mapping such that if and only if . Now and . Take .

Now
Also,
All the conditions of Theorem 6 are satisfied.

Hence has a unique fixed point in .

Theorem 8. *Let and be two self-mappings of a 2-Banach space . Suppose that for any ,
**
where is a continuous mapping such that if and only if . Then and have a unique common fixed point in .*

*Proof. *For , define by . So for any ,
Hence
Similarly
Thus is a monotone decreasing sequence of real numbers and hence is convergent and

Let

We now claim that .

If not,
So,
from (24) taking
implying that , a contradiction.

Therefore, .

Now for any integer

So is Cauchy in and hence by completeness of , let
Now for all ,
By routine check up, we can see that for sufficiently large values of , Hence, .

Similarly we can show that .

We shall now show that is unique.

If not let be another fixed point of and . Then for any

So , showing that . So implies .

*Example 9. *Let be and consider the following 2-norm on as
where , . Then is a 2-Banach space (see [8, 9]).

Define by for all and for all .

Now setting
is a continuous mapping such that if and only if . Take .

Now
By routine calculation, it can be seen that the condition in Theorem 8
is satisfied. Also and have a unique common fixed point in .

Theorem 10. *Let be a 2-Banach space with and let be a sequence of mappings such that*(i)* for all and **where is a continuous mapping such that if and only if ,*(ii)* for each . Then has a unique fixed point in such that where is the fixed point of .*

*Proof. *
Now
Similarly
As is continuous,
So from (40) taking limit as , we obtain
Hence by Theorem 6, has a unique fixed point in .

If possible, let
Now for let
Now
Now
So from (46), (47), (48), and (49), we get

Hence, showing that which is possible only when

Hence , implying that .

Theorem 11. *Let be a 2-Banach space, a sequence of mappings of onto itself with fixed points . Let be a mapping of into itself satisfying the condition of Theorem 6 with fixed point , such that uniformly on . Then .*

*Proof. *Fix . From the uniform convergence of on , there exists an integer such that for all , and for all , for all .

Now
If possible let that is there exists ,
Now for all ,
So for satisfying (52)
Therefore
As is arbitrary,
Again
Hence
As is arbitrary,
Therefore
Hence
Taking in (53), we get , showing that which possible only when , a contradiction to (52).

Hence , implying that .

Theorem 12. *Let be a 2-Banach space and for any , a sequence of mappings of onto itself. Suppose there exists a sequence of nonnegative integers such that for all , and every pair with satisfying
**
where is a continuous mappings such that if and only if . Then have a unique common fixed point in .*

*Proof. *Define .

Then

Pick and define .

Now
By routine calculation, we can see that
Implying that is a monotone decreasing sequence of real numbers and hence is convergent and let
We shall now show that .

If not,
Taking ,
Hence
Taking in (64), we get , showing that which is possible only when .

Now for any integer
Therefore is Cauchy in and hence by completeness of , let

Now for any integer ,
Hence
Therefore implying that for all .

Hence has a common fixed point .

If is another fixed point of , then
Implying that . Hence implying that .

Now for each ,
showing that is the fixed point of .

Also and . Hence for all .

#### References

- S. Gähler, “2-metric Rume and Ihre Topologische Strucktur,”
*Mathematische Nachrichten*, vol. 26, no. 1–4, pp. 115–148, 1963. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - K. Iseki, “Fixed point theorems in 2-metric space,”
*Mathematics Seminar Notes, Kobe University*, vol. 3, pp. 133–136, 1975. View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - M. S. Khan and M. D. Khan, “Involutions with fixed points in 2-Banach spaces,”
*International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences*, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 429–434, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet - M. Saha and D. Dey, “Fixed point of expansive mappings in a 2-Banach space,”
*International Journal of Mathematical Sciences and Engineering Applications*, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 355–362, 2010. View at MathSciNet - M. Gangopadhyay, M. Saha, and A. P. Baisnab, “Some fixed point theorems for contractive type mappings in 2-Banach space,”
*International Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science*, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 237–246, 2008. View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - M. Saha and D. Dey, “Some results on fixed points of mappings in a 2-metric space,”
*International Journal of Contemporary Mathematical Sciences*, vol. 4, no. 21, pp. 1021–1028, 2009. View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - B. S. Choudhury, “Unique fixed point theorem for weakly C-contractive mappings,”
*Kathmandu University Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology*, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 6–13, 2009. - M. A. Açikgz, “A review on 2-normed Structures,”
*International Journal of Mathematical Analysis*, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 187–191, 2007. View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - R. W. Freese and Y. J. Cho,
*Geometry of Linear 2-Normed Space*, Nova Science, New York, NY, USA, 2001. View at MathSciNet