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Journal of Mathematics
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 630934, 4 pages
Coefficient Inequalities of Analytic Functions Related to Robertson Functions
Department of Mathematics, Abdul Wali Khan University, 23200 Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
Received 5 January 2013; Revised 19 March 2013; Accepted 2 April 2013
Academic Editor: S. T. Ali
Copyright © 2013 Muhammad Arif and Mumtaz Ali. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
We introduce and study a subclass of analytic functions related to Robertson functions. Here we discuss the coefficient estimate for function in this class.
Let be the class of functions of the form which are analytic in the open unit disc . Also let and denote the well-known classes of starlike and convex functions, respectively.
For any two analytic functions given by (1) and with the convolution (Hadamard product) is given by Using the concept of convolution, Ruscheweyh  introduced a differential operator given by with where is a Pochhammer symbol given as It is obvious that , , and The following identity can easily be established: Now with the help of Ruscheweyh derivative, we define a class of analytic functions as follows.
Definition 1. Let . Then, , if and only if
where , , , is real with , and .
By giving specific values to , , , , and in , we obtain many important subclasses studied by various authors in earlier papers, see for details [2–5], and list some of them as follows: (i) and , studied by Spacek  and Robertson , respectively; for the advancement work, see [8, 9].(ii) and , studied by both Owa et al. and Shams et al. [10, 11].(iii), , introduced by Ravichandran et al. . (iv), considered by Latha .(v), , the well-known classes of starlike and convex functions of order .
From the above special cases, we note that this class provides a continuous passage from the class of starlike functions to the class of convex functions.
We will assume throughout our discussion, unless otherwise stated, that , , , is real with , and .
2. Some Properties of the Class
Theorem 2. If with , then
Proof. Since for any complex number , implies that
which implies that
And hence, we obtain the required result.
Put , , and in Theorem 2; we obtain the following result.
Corollary 4 (see ). If with , then
Theorem 5. If , then where
Proof. We note that for ,
Let us define the function by
Then, is analytic in with and . Let
Then, (19) can be written as
and using (8), we have
which implies that
where we have used (4) and (5). Now applying the coefficient estimates for Caratheodory function , we obtain
For , which proves (15).
For , Therefore, (16) holds for . Assume that (16) is true for all and consider Thus, the result is true for , and hence by induction, (16) holds for all .
If we set , , and in Theorem 5, we get the result proved in .
Corollary 6. If , then
Corollary 8. If , then
The principle author would like to thank Prof. Dr. Ihsan Ali, Vice Chancellor Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan for providing excellent research facilities and financial support.
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