Journal of Mathematics
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© 2014 , Hindawi Publishing Corporation . All rights reserved.

Existence of Positive Solutions for Nonlinear ThirdOrder Boundary Value Problem
Sun, 19 Oct 2014 11:40:10 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmath/2014/951947/
We are concerned with the existence of positive solutions for the nonlinear thirdorder threepoint boundary value problem , , , , where , , is a positive parameter, is continuous. We construct Green’s function for the associated linear boundary value problem and obtain some useful properties of Green’s function. Finally, by using fixedpoint index theorem in cones, we establish the existence results of positive solutions for the boundary value problem an example illustrates the application of the results obtained.
Tiaoxia Dun and Pengyu Chen
Copyright © 2014 Tiaoxia Dun and Pengyu Chen. All rights reserved.

On NilSymmetric Rings
Thu, 16 Oct 2014 06:56:20 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmath/2014/483784/
The concept of nilsymmetric rings has been introduced as a generalization of symmetric rings and a particular case of nilsemicommutative rings. A ring is called right (left) nilsymmetric if, for , where are nilpotent elements, implies . A ring is called nilsymmetric if it is both right and left nilsymmetric. It has been shown that the polynomial ring over a nilsymmetric ring may not be a right or a left nilsymmetric ring. Further, it is also proved that if is right (left) nilsymmetric, then the polynomial ring is a nilArmendariz ring.
Uday Shankar Chakraborty and Krishnendu Das
Copyright © 2014 Uday Shankar Chakraborty and Krishnendu Das. All rights reserved.

Coupled Fixed Point Theorems with Rational Type Contractive Condition in a Partially Ordered Metric Space
Mon, 29 Sep 2014 11:47:38 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmath/2014/785357/
Coupled fixed point theorems for a map satisfying mixed monotone property and a nonlinear, rational type contractive condition are established in a partially ordered metric space. The conditions for uniqueness of the coupled fixed point are discussed. We also present results for the existence of coupled coincidence points of two maps.
K. Chakrabarti
Copyright © 2014 K. Chakrabarti. All rights reserved.

An Efficient Family of Optimal EighthOrder Iterative Methods for Solving Nonlinear Equations and Its Dynamics
Mon, 15 Sep 2014 00:00:00 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmath/2014/569719/
The prime objective of this paper is to design a new family of optimal eighthorder iterative methods by accelerating the order of convergence of the existing seventhorder method without using more evaluations for finding simple root of nonlinear equations. Numerical comparisons have been carried out to demonstrate the efficiency and performance of the proposed method. Finally, we have compared new method with some existing eighthorder methods by basins of attraction and observed that the proposed scheme is more efficient.
Anuradha Singh and J. P. Jaiswal
Copyright © 2014 Anuradha Singh and J. P. Jaiswal. All rights reserved.

Some Inequalities for the Derivative of Polynomials
Sun, 14 Sep 2014 09:49:32 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmath/2014/160485/
If is a polynomial of degree , having no zeros in , then Aziz (1989) proved , where . In this paper, we consider a class of polynomial of degree , defined as and present certain generalizations of above inequality and some other wellknown results.
Sunil Hans, Dinesh Tripathi, and Babita Tyagi
Copyright © 2014 Sunil Hans et al. All rights reserved.

Regular Sets in Topology and Generalized Topology
Sun, 14 Sep 2014 07:33:50 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmath/2014/274592/
We define and study a new class of regular sets called regular sets. Properties of these sets are investigated for topological spaces and generalized topological spaces. Decompositions of regular open sets and regular closed sets are provided using regular sets. Semiconnectedness is characterized by using regular sets. continuity and almost continuity are introduced and investigated.
Ankit Gupta and Ratna Dev Sarma
Copyright © 2014 Ankit Gupta and Ratna Dev Sarma. All rights reserved.

Inverse Limit Spaces with Various Shadowing Property
Sun, 14 Sep 2014 07:11:56 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmath/2014/169183/
We discuss the relationship between ergodic shadowing property and inverse shadowing property of and that of the shift map σf on the inverse limit space.
Ali Barzanouni
Copyright © 2014 Ali Barzanouni. All rights reserved.

Montgomery Identity and Ostrowski Type Inequalities for RiemannLiouville Fractional Integral
Wed, 10 Sep 2014 13:21:31 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmath/2014/503195/
We present Montgomery identity for RiemannLiouville fractional integral as well as for fractional integral of a function with respect to another function . We further use them to obtain Ostrowski type inequalities involving functions whose first derivatives belong to spaces. These inequalities are generally sharp in case and the best possible in case . Application for Hadamard fractional integrals is given.
Andrea Aglić Aljinović
Copyright © 2014 Andrea Aglić Aljinović. All rights reserved.

A PenalizedEquationBased Generalized Newton Method for Solving AbsoluteValue Linear Complementarity Problems
Tue, 09 Sep 2014 07:23:17 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmath/2014/560578/
We consider a class of absolutevalue linear complementarity problems. We propose a new approximation reformulation of absolute value linear complementarity problems by using a nonlinear penalized equation. Based on this approximation reformulation, a penalizedequationbased generalized Newton method is proposed for solving the absolute value linear complementary problem. We show that the proposed method is globally and superlinearly convergent when the matrix of complementarity problems is positive definite and its singular values exceed 1. Numerical results show that our proposed method is very effective and efficient.
Yuan Li, HaiShan Han, and DanDan Yang
Copyright © 2014 Yuan Li et al. All rights reserved.

On Some New Generalized Difference Sequence Spaces of Nonabsolute Type
Tue, 09 Sep 2014 06:19:20 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmath/2014/876813/
We define a new triangle matrix by the composition of the matrices and . Also, we introduce the sequence spaces , and by using matrix domain of the matrix on the classical sequence spaces , and , respectively, where . Moreover, we show that the space is norm isomorphic to for . Furthermore, we establish some inclusion relations concerning those spaces and determine , , and duals of those spaces and construct the Schauder bases , and . Finally, we characterize the classes of infinite matrices where and .
Osman Duyar, Serkan Demiriz, and Osman Özdemir
Copyright © 2014 Osman Duyar et al. All rights reserved.

A Special Class of Infinite Dimensional Dirac Operators on the Abstract BosonFermion Fock Space
Mon, 08 Sep 2014 10:59:33 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmath/2014/713690/
Spectral properties of a special class of infinite dimensional Dirac operators on the abstract bosonfermion Fock space associated with the pair of complex Hilbert spaces are investigated, where is a perturbation parameter (a coupling constant in the context of physics) and the unperturbed operator is taken to be a free infinite dimensional Dirac operator. A variety of the kernel of is shown. It is proved that there are cases where, for all sufficiently large with , has infinitely many nonzero eigenvalues even if has no nonzero eigenvalues. Also Fredholm property of restricted to a subspace of is discussed.
Asao Arai
Copyright © 2014 Asao Arai. All rights reserved.

New Interpretations of Cohen’s Kappa
Wed, 03 Sep 2014 06:21:10 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmath/2014/203907/
Cohen’s kappa is a widely used association coefficient for summarizing interrater agreement on a nominal scale. Kappa reduces the ratings of the two observers to a single number. With three or more categories it is more informative to summarize the ratings by category coefficients that describe the information for each category separately. Examples of category coefficients are the sensitivity or specificity of a category or the BlochKraemer weighted kappa. However, in many research studies one is often only interested in a single overall number that roughly summarizes the agreement. It is shown that both the overall observed agreement and Cohen’s kappa are weighted averages of various category coefficients and thus can be used to summarize these category coefficients.
Matthijs J. Warrens
Copyright © 2014 Matthijs J. Warrens. All rights reserved.

SelfDual Normal Basis of a Galois Ring
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 12:40:57 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmath/2014/258187/
Let and be two Galois rings. In this paper, we show how to construct normal basis in the extension of Galois rings, and we also define weakly selfdual normal basis and selfdual normal basis for over , where is considered as a free module over . Moreover, we explain a way to construct selfdual
normal basis using particular system of polynomials. Finally, we show the connection between selfdual normal basis for over and the set of all invertible, circulant, and orthogonal matrices over .
Irwansyah, Intan MuchtadiAlamsyah, Aleams Barra, and Ahmad Muchlis
Copyright © 2014 Irwansyah et al. All rights reserved.

Basicity of the System of Exponents with a Linear Phase in Sobolev Weight Space
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 09:57:34 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmath/2014/481425/
In the present paper a criterion for basicity of exponential system with linear phase is obtained in Sobolev weight space .
Togrul Muradov and Valid Salmanov
Copyright © 2014 Togrul Muradov and Valid Salmanov. All rights reserved.

Weight Distribution of Periodic Errors and Optimal/AntiOptimal Linear Codes
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 08:12:46 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmath/2014/971410/
The paper discusses weight distribution of periodic errors and then the optimal case on bounds of parity check digits for (, ) linear codes over that corrects all periodic errors of order in the first block of length and all periodic errors of order in the second block of length and no others. Further, we extend the study to the case when the errors are in the form of periodic errors of order (and ) or more in the two subblocks.
Pankaj Kumar Das
Copyright © 2014 Pankaj Kumar Das. All rights reserved.

A Note on Lax Pairs of the SawadaKotera Equation
Sun, 24 Aug 2014 12:04:31 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmath/2014/906165/
We prove that the new Lax pair of the SawadaKotera equation, discovered recently by Hickman, Hereman, Larue, and Göktaş, and the wellknown old Lax pair of this equation, considered in the form of zerocurvature representations, are gauge equivalent to each other if and only if the spectral parameter is nonzero, while for zero spectral parameter a nongauge transformation is required.
Sergei Sakovich
Copyright © 2014 Sergei Sakovich. All rights reserved.

On Some GrüssType Fractional Inequalities Using Saigo Fractional Integral Operator
Sun, 24 Aug 2014 09:44:14 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmath/2014/527910/
The main aim of this paper is to establish some new fractional integral inequalities of Grüsstype via the Saigo fractional integral operator.
Vaijanath L. Chinchane and Deepak B. Pachpatte
Copyright © 2014 Vaijanath L. Chinchane and Deepak B. Pachpatte. All rights reserved.

On Iterated Entire Functions with ()th Order
Sun, 17 Aug 2014 00:00:00 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmath/2014/908798/
We prove some results relating to the comparative growth properties of iterated entire functions using (p, q)th order ((p, q)th lower order).
Sanjib Kumar Datta, Tanmay Biswas, and Chinmay Biswas
Copyright © 2014 Sanjib Kumar Datta et al. All rights reserved.

Associate, Hyperdomainlike, and Presimplifiable Hyperrings
Thu, 14 Aug 2014 13:27:03 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmath/2014/458603/
Based on the works of Axtell et al., Anderson et al., and Ghanem on associate, domainlike, and presimplifiable rings, we
introduce new hyperrings called associate, hyperdomainlike, and presimplifiable hyperrings. Some elementary properties of these new hyperrings and their relationships are presented.
Agboola Adesina Abdul Akeem and Davvaz Bijan
Copyright © 2014 Agboola Adesina Abdul Akeem and Davvaz Bijan. All rights reserved.

A New Hyperbolic Area Formula of a Hyperbolic Triangle and Its Applications
Wed, 13 Aug 2014 13:04:03 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmath/2014/838497/
We study some characterizations of hyperbolic geometry in the Poincaré disk. We first obtain the hyperbolic area
and length formula of Euclidean disk and a circle represented by its Euclidean center and radius. Replacing interior angles with vertices coordinates, we also obtain a new hyperbolic area formula of a hyperbolic triangle. As its application, we give the hyperbolic area of a Lambert quadrilateral and some geometric characterizations of Lambert quadrilaterals and Saccheri quadrilaterals.
Hui Bao and Xingdi Chen
Copyright © 2014 Hui Bao and Xingdi Chen. All rights reserved.

Solving Systems of Volterra Integral and Integrodifferential Equations with Proportional Delays by Differential Transformation Method
Tue, 12 Aug 2014 09:17:18 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmath/2014/725648/
In this paper, the differential transformation method is applied to the system of Volterra integral and integrodifferential equations with proportional delays. The method is useful for both linear and nonlinear equations. By using this method, the solutions are obtained in series forms. If the solutions of the problem can be expanded to Taylor series, then the method gives opportunity to determine the coefficients of Taylor series. Hence, the exact solution can be obtained in Taylor series form. In illustrative examples, the method is applied to a few types of systems.
Şuayip Yüzbaşı and Nurbol Ismailov
Copyright © 2014 Şuayip Yüzbaşı and Nurbol Ismailov. All rights reserved.

Complete Invariance Property with respect to Homeomorphism over Frame Multiwavelet and SuperWavelet Spaces
Mon, 04 Aug 2014 08:27:23 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmath/2014/528342/
We discuss the complete invariance property with respect to homeomorphism (CIPH) over various sets of wavelets containing all orthonormal multiwavelets, all tight
frame multiwavelets, all superwavelets of length n, and all normalized tight super frame wavelets of length n.
Saurabh Chandra Maury
Copyright © 2014 Saurabh Chandra Maury. All rights reserved.

Harmonic Subtangent Structures
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 00:00:00 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmath/2014/603078/
The concept of harmonic subtangent structures on almost subtangent metric manifolds is introduced and a Bochnertype formula is proved for this case. Conditions for a subtangent harmonic structure to be preserved by harmonic maps are also given.
Adara M. Blaga
Copyright © 2014 Adara M. Blaga. All rights reserved.

Remarks on Homogeneous AlSalam and Carlitz Polynomials
Thu, 17 Jul 2014 08:15:02 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmath/2014/523013/
Several multilinear generating functions of the homogeneous AlSalam and Carlitz polynomials are derived from operator. In addition, two interesting relationships of product of this kind of polynomials are obtained.
JianPing Fang
Copyright © 2014 JianPing Fang. All rights reserved.

On Generalized Derivations of BCIAlgebras and Their Properties
Wed, 16 Jul 2014 12:03:00 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmath/2014/207161/
We introduce the concept of derivations of BCIalgebras and we investigate some fundamental properties and establish some results on derivations. Also, we treat to generalization of right derivation and left derivation of BCIalgebras and consider some related properties.
L. Kamali Ardekani and B. Davvaz
Copyright © 2014 L. Kamali Ardekani and B. Davvaz. All rights reserved.

Novel Properties of Fuzzy Labeling Graphs
Wed, 09 Jul 2014 00:00:00 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmath/2014/375135/
The concepts of fuzzy labeling and fuzzy magic labeling graph are introduced. Fuzzy
magic labeling for some graphs like path, cycle, and star graph is defined.
It is proved that every fuzzy magic graph is a fuzzy labeling graph, but
the converse is not true. We have shown that the removal of a fuzzy bridge
from a fuzzy magic cycle with odd nodes reduces the strength of a fuzzy magic
cycle. Some properties related to fuzzy bridge and fuzzy cut
node have also been discussed.
A. Nagoor Gani, Muhammad Akram, and D. Rajalaxmi (a) Subahashini
Copyright © 2014 A. Nagoor Gani et al. All rights reserved.

Asymptotic Law of the th Records in the Bivariate Exponential Case
Tue, 08 Jul 2014 07:17:56 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmath/2014/458914/
We consider a sequence of independent and identically distributed random variables with joint cumulative distribution , which has exponential marginals and with parameter . We also assume that , , and . We denote and by the sequences of the th records in the sequences , , respectively. The main result of of the paper is to prove the asymptotic independence of and using the property of stopping time of the th record times and that of the exponential distribution.
Grine Azedine
Copyright © 2014 Grine Azedine. All rights reserved.

Startpoints and Contractions in QuasiPseudometric Spaces
Wed, 02 Jul 2014 09:34:29 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmath/2014/709253/
We introduce the concept of startpoint and endpoint for multivalued maps defined on a quasipseudometric space. We investigate the relation between these new concepts and the existence of fixed points for these set valued maps.
Yaé Ulrich Gaba
Copyright © 2014 Yaé Ulrich Gaba. All rights reserved.

Newton Type Iteration for Tikhonov Regularization of Nonlinear IllPosed Problems in Hilbert Scales
Tue, 01 Jul 2014 09:19:19 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmath/2014/965097/
Recently, Vasin and George (2013) considered an iterative scheme for approximately solving an illposed operator equation . In order to improve the error estimate available by Vasin and George (2013), in the present paper we extend the iterative method considered by Vasin and George (2013), in the setting of Hilbert scales. The error estimates obtained under a general source condition on ( is the initial guess and is the actual solution), using the adaptive scheme proposed by Pereverzev and Schock (2005), are of optimal order. The algorithm is applied to numerical solution of an integral equation in Numerical Example section.
Monnanda Erappa Shobha and Santhosh George
Copyright © 2014 Monnanda Erappa Shobha and Santhosh George. All rights reserved.

HermiteHadamard and SimpsonLike Type Inequalities for Differentiable Harmonically Convex Functions
Thu, 19 Jun 2014 08:32:34 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmath/2014/346305/
A new identity for differentiable functions is derived. A consequence of the identity is that the author establishes some new general inequalities containing all of the HermiteHadamard and Simpsonlike types for functions whose derivatives in absolute value at certain power are harmonically convex. Some applications to special means of real numbers are also given.
İmdat İşcan
Copyright © 2014 İmdat İşcan. All rights reserved.