Table 5: Surveys of intraspecific genetic structure ( or ) in reef fishes sampled within the entire Hawaiian archipelago (i.e., Main Hawaiian Islands and Northwest Hawaiian Islands). Species common (and scientific) name, marker type (and mtDNA gene or number of nuclear loci), genetic structure, ecological differences (pelagic larval duration, PLD; Habitat type) between the study species, and references are listed here.

SpeciesMarker typeGenetic
structure?
Genetic
break
Global
(or pairwise)
or
valuePLD (days)ReproductionHabitat typeReference

Bigscale soldierfish
(Myripristis berndti)
mtDNA (Cyt b)NoN/a 0.00040 55 N/aSubtidal reef
flats to outer
reef slopes
Craig
et al. [36]
Blueline surgeonfish
(Acanthurus nigroris)
mtDNA (Cyt b)NoN/a 0.011 0.073 55 to 60Group,
broadcast
spawning
Reef and
rubble (1 to 90 m)
This study
Blue-striped butterflyfish
(Chaetodon fremblii)
mtDNA (Cyt b)NoN/a −0.014 0.41 N/aPair,
broadcast
spawning
Shallow reefCraig
et al. [37]
Brown surgeonfish
(Acanthurus nigrofuscus)
mtDNA (Cyt b)NoN/a −0.0060 55 to 60Broadcast
spawning
Reef and
rubble
Eble et al.
[38]
Hawaiian gregory
(Stegastes fasciolatus)
Allozymes (8)NoN/a0.0010 to 0.0050N/a 25 Demersal
eggs
Reef and
rock
Shaklee
and
Samollow
[129]
Hawaiian gregory
(Stegastes fasciolatus)
mtDNA (control)YesNWHI
versus MHI
0.093 to 0.10 25 Demersal
eggs
Reef and
rock
Ramon
et al. [130]
Hawaiian grouper
(Epinephelus quernus)
mtDNA (control)YesNWHI
versus MHI
−0.007 to 0.043 0.01 40 Group,
broadcast
spawning
Reef and
rubble
Rivera
et al. [131]
Milletseed butterflyfish
(Chaetodon miliaris)
mtDNA (Cyt b)NoN/a −0.0050 0.66 N/aGroup,
broadcast
spawning
Shallow reefCraig et al.
[37]
Milkfish (Chanos chanos)Allozymes (9)YesOahu
versus Hawaii
0.000080 to 0.0041N/a14 to 21Group,
broadcast
spawning
Shallow
reef/
estuarine
(1 to 30 m)
Winans [87]
Pebbled butterflyfish (Chaetodon multicinctus)mtDNA (Cyt b)NoN/a−0.0080 0.82 N/aPair,
broadcast
spawning
Shallow reefCraig et al.
[37]
Pink snapper (Pristipomoides filamentosus)Allozymes (5)NoN/a0.0010 to 0.011N/a60 to 120Group,
broadcast
spawning
Reef and
rock (180 to 270 m)
Shaklee
and
Samollow
[129]
Spotted surgeonfish (Ctenochaetus strigosus)mtDNA (Cyt b)YesP and H and
Maro versus rest
of islands
0.034 to 0.0740.041 to 0.00855 to 60Group/pair,
broadcast
spawning
Shallow reefEble et al.
[38]
Undulated moray (Gymnothorax undulatus)mtDNA (Cyt b and COI)YesMaro
versus Hawaii
and Oahu
0.060 to 0.10 Up to 730Pair matingReef and
rock (1 to 100 m)
Reece
et al. [88]
White-spotted damselfish (Dascyllus albisella)mtDNA (control)YesNWHI
versus MHI
0.033 to 0.72 27 Pair,
broadcast
spawning
Shallow reefRamon
et al. [130]
Yellow-edged moray (Gymnothorax flavimarginatus)mtDNA (Cyt b and COI)NoN/a−0.070 to 0.030 Up to 730Pair matingReef and
rock (1 to 100 m)
Reece et al.
[88]
Yellow tang (Zebrasoma flavescens)mtDNA (Cyt b)YesHawaii0.077 to 0.170.034 to 0.00155 to 60Group,
broadcast
spawning
Reef and
rubble (1 to 80 m)
Eble et al.
[38]
Yellow tang (Zebrasoma flavescens)Microsatellite (14)YesMultiple−0.010 to 0.042 55 to 60Group,
broadcast
spawning
Reef and
rubble (1 to 80 m)
Eble et al.
[132]

Abbreviations: MHI: Main Hawaiian Islands; NWHI: Northwest Hawaiian Islands; P and H: Pearl and Hermes Reef.