Table 1: Analysis of variance of biomass change in MPAs against dispersal rates, trophic level, and adult versus juvenile life stages.

DfSum SqMean SqF valuePr (>F)

Dispersal rate49.402.356.260.0001 ***
Trophic level32.470.822.190.0914.
Adult-Juv13.073.078.170.0048 **
Residuals15959.680.38

Signif. codes: 0 “***”, 0.001 “**”, 0.01 “*”, 0.05 “.”, 0.1 “ ” 1.