Journal of Numbers
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The latest articles from Hindawi Publishing Corporation
© 2014 , Hindawi Publishing Corporation . All rights reserved.

Using Continued Fractions to Compute Iwasawa Lambda Invariants of Imaginary Quadratic Number Fields
Mon, 17 Nov 2014 06:45:03 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jn/2014/803649/
Let be a prime such that and has class number 1. Then Hirzebruch and Zagier noticed that the class number of can be expressed as where the are partial quotients in the “minus” continued fraction expansion . For an odd prime , we prove an analogous formula using these which computes the sum of Iwasawa lambda invariants of and . In the case that is inert in , the formula pleasantly simplifies under some additional technical assumptions.
Jordan Schettler
Copyright © 2014 Jordan Schettler. All rights reserved.

Representing and Counting the Subgroups of the Group
Thu, 16 Oct 2014 06:47:23 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jn/2014/491428/
We deduce a simple representation and the invariant factor decompositions of the subgroups of the group , where and are arbitrary positive integers. We obtain formulas for the total number of subgroups and the number of subgroups of a given order.
Mario Hampejs, Nicki Holighaus, László Tóth, and Christoph Wiesmeyr
Copyright © 2014 Mario Hampejs et al. All rights reserved.

On Second Order Gap Balancing Numbers
Wed, 08 Oct 2014 10:05:01 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jn/2014/216738/
We consider the Diophantine equation for some natural numbers x, k, and r, and we call as kth order 2gap balancing number. It was also proved that there are infinitely many first order 2gap balancing numbers. In this paper, we show that the only second order 2gap balancing number is 1.
S. S. Rout
Copyright © 2014 S. S. Rout. All rights reserved.

A Mean Value Formula for Elliptic Curves
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 06:22:09 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jn/2014/298632/
It is proved in this paper that, for any point on an elliptic curve, the mean value of coordinates of its division points is the same as its coordinate and that of coordinates of its division points is times that of its coordinate.
Rongquan Feng and Hongfeng Wu
Copyright © 2014 Rongquan Feng and Hongfeng Wu. All rights reserved.

On the Equation
Wed, 16 Jul 2014 08:01:19 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jn/2014/825634/
We consider certain quartic twists of an elliptic curve. We establish the rank of these curves under the Birch and SwinnertonDyer conjecture and obtain bounds on the size of ShafarevichTate group of these curves. We also establish a reduction between the problem of factoring integers of a certain form and the problem of computing rational points on these twists.
Iftikhar A. Burhanuddin and MingDeh A. Huang
Copyright © 2014 Iftikhar A. Burhanuddin and MingDeh A. Huang. All rights reserved.

Algebraic Numbers Satisfying Polynomials with Positive Rational Coefficients
Wed, 16 Jul 2014 07:55:12 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jn/2014/296828/
A theorem of Dubickas, affirming a conjecture of Kuba, states that a nonzero algebraic number is a root of a polynomial with positive rational coefficients if and only if none of its conjugates is a positive real number. A certain quantitative version of this result, yielding a growth factor for the coefficients of similar to the condition of the classical EneströmKakeya theorem of such polynomial, is derived. The bound for the growth factor so obtained is shown to be sharp for some particular classes of algebraic numbers.
Vichian Laohakosol and Suton Tadee
Copyright © 2014 Vichian Laohakosol and Suton Tadee. All rights reserved.

Generations of Correlation Averages
Wed, 18 Jun 2014 06:02:20 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jn/2014/140840/
We give a general link between weighted Selberg integrals of any arithmetic function and averages of correlations in short intervals, proved by the elementary dispersion method (our version of Linnik’s method). We formulate conjectural bounds for the socalled modified Selberg integral of the divisor functions , gauged by the Cesaro weight in the short interval and improved by these some recent results by Ivić. The same link provides, also, an unconditional improvement. Then, some remarkable conditional implications on the 2th moments of Riemann zeta function on the critical line are derived. We also give general requirements on that allow our treatment for weighted Selberg integrals.
Giovanni Coppola and Maurizio Laporta
Copyright © 2014 Giovanni Coppola and Maurizio Laporta. All rights reserved.

Complex Roots of Unity and Normal Numbers
Thu, 12 Jun 2014 10:55:29 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jn/2014/437814/
Given an arbitrary prime number , set . We use a clever selection of the values of , in order to create normal numbers. We also use a famous result of André Weil concerning Dirichlet characters to construct a family of normal numbers.
Jean Marie De Koninck and Imre Kátai
Copyright © 2014 Jean Marie De Koninck and Imre Kátai. All rights reserved.

Continued Fractions of Order Six and New Eisenstein Series Identities
Tue, 27 May 2014 06:29:32 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jn/2014/643241/
We prove two identities for Ramanujan’s cubic continued fraction and
a continued fraction of Ramanujan, which are analogues of Ramanujan’s
identities for the RogersRamanujan continued fraction. We further derive
Eisenstein series identities associated with Ramanujan’s cubic continued
fraction and Ramanujan’s continued fraction of order six.
Chandrashekar Adiga, A. Vanitha, and M. S. Surekha
Copyright © 2014 Chandrashekar Adiga et al. All rights reserved.

On a RankinSelberg Function over Different Fields
Sun, 27 Apr 2014 11:42:06 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jn/2014/314173/
Given two unitary automorphic cuspidal representations and defined on and , respectively, with and being Galois extensions of , we consider two generalized RankinSelberg functions obtained by forcefully factoring and . We prove the absolute convergence of these functions for . The main difficulty in our case is that the two extension fields may be completely unrelated, so we are forced to work either “downstairs” in some intermediate extension between and , or “upstairs” in some extension field containing the composite extension . We close by investigating some special cases when analytic continuation is possible and show that when the degrees of the extension fields and are relatively prime, the two different definitions give the same generating function.
Tim Gillespie
Copyright © 2014 Tim Gillespie. All rights reserved.

On the Distribution of Tuples of Free Numbers
Sun, 13 Apr 2014 00:00:00 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jn/2014/537606/
For k, being a fixed integer ≥2, a positive integer n is called kfree number if n is not divisible by the kth power of any integer >1. In this paper, we studied the distribution of rtuples of kfree numbers and derived an asymptotic formula.
Ting Zhang and Huaning Liu
Copyright © 2014 Ting Zhang and Huaning Liu. All rights reserved.

Sums of Products Involving Power Sums of Integers
Thu, 27 Feb 2014 16:34:23 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jn/2014/158351/
A sequence of rational numbers as a generalization of the sequence of Bernoulli numbers is introduced. Sums of products involving the terms of this generalized sequence are then obtained using an application of Faà di Bruno's formula. These sums of products are analogous to the higher order Bernoulli numbers and are used to develop the closed form expressions for the sums of products involving the power sums which are defined via the Möbius function μ and the usual power sum of a real or complex variable . The power sum is expressible in terms of the wellknown Bernoulli polynomials by .
Jitender Singh
Copyright © 2014 Jitender Singh. All rights reserved.