About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 272960, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/272960
Research Article

Dry-Transfer of Aligned Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes for Flexible Transparent Thin Films

1Electrical Engineering Division, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, 9 JJ Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0FA, UK
2Nokia Research Centre, Broers Building, 21 JJ Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0FA, UK
3Display Research Centre, School of Electronic Science and Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
4AIXTRON Ltd., Anderson Road, Swavesey CB24 4FQ, UK
5Department of Information Display, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 130-701, Republic of Korea

Received 14 October 2011; Accepted 26 December 2011

Academic Editor: Teng Li

Copyright © 2012 Matthew Cole et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. D. Zhang, K. Ryu, X. Liu et al., “Transparent, conductive, and flexible carbon nanotube films and their application in organic light-emitting diodes,” Nano Letters, vol. 6, no. 9, pp. 1880–1886, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. K. Bradley, J. C. P. Gabriel, and G. Grüner, “Flexible nanotube electronics,” Nano Letters, vol. 3, no. 10, pp. 1353–1355, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. C. Qing, K. Hoon-sik, N. Pimparkar et al., “Medium-scale carbon nanotube thin-film integrated circuits on flexible plastic substrates,” Nature, vol. 454, no. 7203, pp. 495–500, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. W. Zhuangchun, C. Zhihong, X. Du et al., “Transparent, conductive carbon nanotube films,” Science, vol. 305, no. 5688, pp. 1273–1276, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. Y. Zhou, L. Hu, and G. Grüner, “A method of printing carbon nanotube thin films,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 88, no. 12, Article ID 123109, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. L. Hu, D. S. Hecht, and G. Gruner, “Percolation in transparent and conducting carbon nanotube networks,” Nano Letters, vol. 4, no. 12, pp. 2513–2517, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. E. Artukovic, M. Kaempgen, D. S. Hecht, S. Roth, and G. Grüner, “Transparent and flexible carbon nanotube transistors,” Nano Letters, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 757–760, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. H. E. Unalan, G. Fanchini, A. Kanwal, A. D. Pasquier, and M. Chhowalla, “Design criteria for transparent single-wall carbon nanotube thin-film transistors,” Nano Letters, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 677–682, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. B. B. Parekh, G. Fanchini, G. Eda, and M. Chhowalla, “Improved conductivity of transparent single-wall carbon nanotube thin films via stable postdeposition functionalization,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 90, no. 12, Article ID 121913, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. Hofmann, C. Ducati, B. Kleinsorge, and J. Robertson, “Direct growth of aligned carbon nanotube field emitter arrays onto plastic substrates,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 83, no. 22, pp. 4661–4663, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. Hofmann, C. Ducati, J. Robertson, and B. Kleinsorge, “Low-temperature growth of carbon nanotubes by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 83, no. 1, pp. 135–137, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. P. Beecher, P. Servati, A. Rozhin et al., “Ink-jet printing of carbon nanotube thin film transistors,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 102, no. 4, Article ID 043710, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. N. P. Armitage, J. C. P. Gabriel, and G. Grüner, “Quasi-Langmuir-Blodgett thin film deposition of carbon nanotubes,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 95, no. 6, pp. 3228–3230, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. A. Meitl, Y. Zhou, A. Gaur et al., “Solution casting and transfer printing single-walled carbon nanotube films,” Nano Letters, vol. 4, no. 9, pp. 1643–1647, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. Chhowalla, K. B. K. Teo, C. Ducati et al., “Growth process conditions of vertically aligned carbon nanotubes using plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 90, no. 10, pp. 5308–5317, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. Z. F. Ren and Z. P. Huang, “Synthesis of large arrays of well-aligned carbon nanotubes on glass,” Science, vol. 282, no. 5391, pp. 1105–1107, 1998. View at Scopus
  17. C. J. Strobl, C. Schäflein, U. Beierlein, J. Ebbecke, and A. Wixforth, “Carbon nanotube alignment by surface acoustic waves,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 85, no. 8, pp. 1427–1429, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. S. Bhattacharyya, E. Kymakis, and G. A. J. Amaratunga, “Photovoltaic properties of dye functionalized single-wall carbon nanotube/conjugated polymer devices,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 16, no. 23, pp. 4819–4823, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. W. X. Chen, J. Y. Lee, and Z. Liu, “The nanocomposites of carbon nanotube with Sb and SnSb0.5 as Li-ion battery anodes,” Carbon, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 959–966, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. C. Du, J. Yeh, and N. Pan, “High power density supercapacitors using locally aligned carbon nanotube electrodes,” Nanotechnology, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 350–353, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. V. Gupta and N. Miura, “Polyaniline/single-wall carbon nanotube (PANI/SWCNT) composites for high performance supercapacitors,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 1721–1726, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. A. M. Rao, A. Jorio, M. A. Pimenta et al., “Polarized Raman study of aligned multiwalled carbon nanotubes,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 84, no. 8, pp. 1820–1823, 2000. View at Scopus
  23. E. F. Antunes, A. O. Lobo, E. J. Corat, and V. J. Trava-Airoldi, “Influence of diameter in the Raman spectra of aligned multi-walled carbon nanotubes,” Carbon, vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 913–921, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. B. D. Martin, N. Nikolov, S. K. Pollack et al., “Hydroxylated secondary dopants for surface resistance enhancement in transparent poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-poly(styrenesulfonate) thin films,” Synthetic Metals, vol. 142, no. 1–3, pp. 187–193, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. F. C. Krebs and B. Winther-Jensen, “High-conductivity large-area semi-transparent electrodes for polymer photovoltaics by silk screen printing and vapour-phase deposition,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 90, no. 2, pp. 123–132, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. S. De, P. J. King, M. Lotya et al., “Flexible, transparent, conducting films of randomly stacked graphene from surfactant-stabilized, oxide-free graphene dispersions,” Small, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 458–464, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. S. De, T. M. Higgins, P. E. Lyons et al., “Silver nanowire networks as flexible, transparent, conducting films: extremely high DC to optical conductivity ratios,” ACS Nano, vol. 3, no. 7, pp. 1767–1774, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. E. M. Doherty, S. De, P. E. Lyons et al., “The spatial uniformity and electromechanical stability of transparent, conductive films of single walled nanotubes,” Carbon, vol. 47, no. 10, pp. 2466–2473, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. L. Gao, W. Ren, J. Zhao, L. P. Ma, Z. Chen, and H. M. Cheng, “Efficient growth of high-quality graphene films on Cu foils by ambient pressure chemical vapor deposition,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 97, no. 18, Article ID 183109, 3 pages, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. R. J. Collier and D. G. Hasko, “Measurement of the sheet resistance of resistive films on thin substrates from 120 to 175 GHz using dielectric waveguides,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 91, no. 4, p. 2547, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee et al., “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nature Nanotechnology, vol. 5, no. 8, pp. 574–578, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. C. Lee, X. Wei, J. W. Kysar, and J. Hone, “Measurement of the elastic properties and intrinsic strength of monolayer graphene,” Science, vol. 321, no. 5887, pp. 385–388, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. V. M. Pereira, A. H. Castro Neto, and N. M. R. Peres, “Tight-binding approach to uniaxial strain in graphene,” Physical Review B, vol. 80, no. 4, Article ID 045401, 8 pages, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. L. Hu, W. Yuan, P. Brochu, G. Gruner, and Q. Pei, “Highly stretchable, conductive, and transparent nanotube thin films,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 94, no. 16, Article ID 161108, 3 pages, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. Q. Zhang, P. Vichchulada, and M. D. Lay, “Effect of deposition conditions on percolation in single-walled carbon nanotube networks,” Physica Status Solidi A, vol. 207, no. 3, pp. 734–738, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. P. Vichchulada, Q. H. Zhang, et al., “Macroscopic electrical properties of ordered single-walled carbon nanotube networks,” Applied Materials Interfaces, vol. 2, pp. 467–473, 2010.
  37. M. Kaempgen, C. K. Chan, J. Ma, Y. Cui, and G. Gruner, “Printable thin film supercapacitors using single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Letters, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 1872–1876, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus