Table 1: J-V characteristics parameters of CdS (sample d) QDSSCs for different dipping times.

Dipping time (h) (Volt ) (mA/cm2)FF (%)

10.560.270.320.05
30.560.620.370.13
60.540.670.500.18
240.540.410.490.11
500.530.330.340.06