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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 905157, 19 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/905157
Review Article

3D Self-Supported Nanoarchitectured Arrays Electrodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries

1Department of Chemistry, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, Heilongjang 150001, China
2Academy of Fundamental and Interdisciplinary Sciences, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, Heilongjang 150001, China
3State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, Heilongjang 150001, China

Received 17 October 2012; Accepted 3 December 2012

Academic Editor: Jianmin Ma

Copyright © 2012 Xin Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Three-dimensional self-supported nanoarchitectured arrays electrodes (3DSNAEs) consisting of a direct growth of nanoarchitectured arrays on the conductive current collector, including homogeneous and heterogeneous nanoarchitectured arrays structures, have been currently studied as the most promising electrodes owing to their synergies resulting from the multistructure hybrid and integrating heterocomponents to address the requirements (high energy and power density) of superperformance lithium ion batteries (LIBs) applied in portable electronic consumer devices, electric vehicles, large-scale electricity storage, and so on. In the paper, recent advances in the strategies for the fabrication, selection of the different current collector substrates, and structural configuration of 3DSNAEs with different cathode and anode materials are investigated in detail. The intrinsic relationship of the unique structural characters, the conductive substrates, and electrochemical kinetic properties of 3DSNAEs is minutely analyzed. Finally, the future design trends and directions of 3DSNAEs are highlighted, which may open a new avenue of developing ideal multifunctional 3DSNAEs for further advanced LIBs.