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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 160931, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/160931
Research Article

Electrical and Thermal Characterization of Electrospun PVP Nanocomposite Fibers

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Wichita State University, 1845 Fairmount, Wichita, KS 67260-0133, USA
2Basic Engineering Science Department, Faculty of Engineering, Menoufiya University, Shebin El-Kom, Egypt
3Medical Physics Department, Faculty of Medicine, Jazan University, Saudi Arabia

Received 30 October 2012; Revised 30 January 2013; Accepted 6 February 2013

Academic Editor: Theodorian Borca-Tasciuc

Copyright © 2013 Waseem S. Khan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) solutions incorporated with multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were electrospun at various weight percentages, and then the electrical resistance and some thermal properties of these nanocomposite fibers were determined using a high-accuracy electrical resistance measurement device. During the electrospinning process, system and process parameters, such as concentrations, applied voltage, tip-to-collector distance, and pump speeds, were optimized to receive the consistent nanocomposite fibers. When polymers are used in many industrial applications, they require high electrical and thermal conductivities. Most polymers exhibit low electrical conductivity values; however, in the presence of conductive inclusions, the electrical resistance of the MWCNT fibers was reduced from 50 MΩ to below 5 MΩ, which may be attributed to the higher electrical conductivities of these nanoscale inclusions and fewer voids under the applied loads. This study may open up new possibilities in the field for developing electrically conductive novel nanomaterials and devices for various scientific and technological applications.