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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 416961, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/416961
Research Article

Investigation and Estimation of Structure of Web from Electrospun Nanofibres

Department of Textile Technology, Kaunas University of Technology, Studentu 56, 51424 Kaunas, Lithuania

Received 12 December 2012; Accepted 17 February 2013

Academic Editor: Lijun Ji

Copyright © 2013 Jolanta Malašauskienė and Rimvydas Milašius. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

During the electrospinning process the web of nanofibres is manufactured by means of electrostatic forces between two electrodes. The diameters of nanofibres usually differ and they depend on various parameters. The different fineness of fibres influences the structure of the web and herewith the end-use properties of such kind of nanomaterial. Analysis of nanofibres diameters distribution also shows big differences; even more, the distributions are not spread along the normal distribution. Understanding the influence of electrospinning parameters and the reason why the shapes of distributions are so sophisticated is very important. The goal of this paper is to analyse the distribution of diameter and to propose the new criterion for nanofibres diameter comparison and web of nanofibres estimation. In this paper the influence of covering time of support material on structure of PA6.6 nanofibre web has been investigated. It was estimated that this parameter does not have a significant influence on the average diameter of nanofibres, and only the structure of web has been influenced by the changes in covering time. According to the results provided the phenomena of nanofibres sticking on the support material at the time of electrospinning can be proved and explained.