Table 1: The effect of the solution spray rate on the sprayed ZnO:In film thickness ( ), crystallite size ( ), average grain size ( ), electrical resistivity ( ), main carrier mobility ( ), carrier concentration ( ), and optical band gap ( ). Soda-lime and borosilicate glasses are designated as Na-gl and B-gl, respectively.

Spray rate, mL/min , mLSubstrate , nm , nm , nm , Ωcm , cm2/Vs , cm−3 , eV

0.5100Na-gl70022~1006. 0−24.42.3·10193.28
0.5150Na-gl140026~2503. 0−29.22.1·10193.24
0.5150B-gl135026 *n.m.7. 0−23.92.0·10193.24

1.5100Na-gl90021~1201. 0−27.76.9·10193.31
1.5150Na-gl140029~2507. 0−3117.6·10193.27

3.3100Na-gl110034~2503. 0−3161.1·10203.34
4.7100Na-gl110035~2503. 0−3151.4·10203.36
6.7100Na-gl135036~2504. 0−3121.2·10203.32

n.m.: not measured.