About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 710902, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/710902
Research Article

Green Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles with Self-Sustained Natural Rubber Membranes

1Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, UNESP Universidade Estadual Paulista, CP 467, 19060-080 Presidente Prudente, SP, Brazil
2Materials and Surface Science Group, University of Windsor, Windsor, On, Canada N9B 3P4
3CellMat Laboratory, Condensed Matter Physics Department, University of Valladolid, 47011 Valladolid, Spain

Received 26 June 2013; Accepted 17 August 2013

Academic Editor: Hongchen Chen Gu

Copyright © 2013 Flávio C. Cabrera et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. Rycenga, C. M. Cobley, J. Zeng et al., “Controlling the synthesis and assembly of silver nanostructures for plasmonic applications,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 111, no. 6, pp. 3669–3712, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. R. Jones, K. D. Osberg, R. J. MacFarlane, M. R. Langille, and C. A. Mirkin, “Templated techniques for the synthesis and assembly of plasmonic nanostructures,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 111, no. 6, pp. 3736–3827, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. L. Rivas, S. Sanchez-Cortes, J. V. García-Ramos, and G. Morcillo, “Mixed silver/gold colloids: a study of their formation, morphology, and surface-enhanced raman activity,” Langmuir, vol. 16, no. 25, pp. 9722–9728, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. Z. Wang, B. Tan, I. Hussain et al., “Design of polymeric stabilizers for size-controlled synthesis of monodisperse gold nanoparticles in water,” Langmuir, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 885–895, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. Y. N. Xia, Y. J. Xiong, B. Lim, and S. E. Skrabalak, “Shape-controlled synthesis of metal nanocrystals: simple chemistry meets complex physics?” Angewandte Chemie, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 60–103, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 107, no. 3, pp. 668–677, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. P. Camden, J. A. Dieringer, J. Zhao, and R. P. van Duyne, “Controlled plasmonic nanostructures for surface-enhanced spectroscopy and sensing,” Accounts of Chemical Research, vol. 41, no. 12, pp. 1653–1661, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. R. Aroca, Surface-Enhanced Vibrational Spectroscopy, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK, 2006.
  9. E. C. Le Ru and P. G. Etchegoin, Principles of Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy: And Related Plasmonic Effects, Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2009.
  10. R. F. Aroca, R. A. Alvarez-Puebla, N. Pieczonka, S. Sanchez-Cortez, and J. V. Garcia-Ramos, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering on colloidal nanostructures,” Advances in Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 116, no. 1–3, pp. 45–61, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. P. C. Andersen, M. L. Jacobson, and K. L. Rowlen, “Flashy silver nanoparticles,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 108, no. 7, pp. 2148–2153, 2004. View at Scopus
  12. D.-Y. Wu, J.-F. Li, B. Ren, and Z.-Q. Tian, “Electrochemical surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy of nanostructures,” Chemical Society Reviews, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 1025–1041, 2008.
  13. B. Ren, G. K. Liu, X. B. Lian, Z. L. Yang, and Z. Q. Tian, “Raman spectroscopy on transition metals,” Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, vol. 388, no. 1, pp. 29–45, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. J. Banholzer, J. E. Millstone, L. Qin, and C. A. Mirkin, “Rationally designed nanostructures for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Chemical Society Reviews, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 885–897, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. Annamalai, V. L. P. Christina, D. Sudha, M. Kalpana, and P. T. V. Lakshmi, “Green synthesis, characterization and antimicrobial activity of Au NPs using Euphorbia hirta L. leaf extract,” Colloids and Surfaces B, vol. 108, pp. 60–65, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. V. G. Kumar, S. D. Gokavarapu, A. Rajeswari et al., “Facile green synthesis of gold nanoparticles using leaf extract of antidiabetic potent Cassia auriculata,” Colloids and Surfaces B, vol. 87, no. 1, pp. 159–163, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. V. Sujitha and S. Kannan, “Green synthesis of gold nanoparticles using Citrus fruits (Citrus limon, Citrus reticulata and Citrus sinensis) aqueous extract and its characterization,” Spectrochimica Acta A, vol. 102, pp. 15–23, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. G. Gajanan, M. Chang, J. Kim, and E. Jin, “Biogenic materialization using pear extract intended for the synthesis and design of ordered gold nanostructures,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 46, no. 14, pp. 4741–4747, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. A. Aromal and D. Philip, “Green synthesis of gold nanoparticles using Trigonella foenum-graecum and its size-dependent catalytic activity,” Spectrochimica Acta A, vol. 97, pp. 1–5, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. R. Vijayakumar, V. Devi, K. Adavallan, and D. Saranya, “Green synthesis and characterization of gold nanoparticles using extract of anti-tumor potent Crocus sativus,” Physica E, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 665–671, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. Noruzi, D. Zare, K. Khoshnevisan, and D. Davoodi, “Rapid green synthesis of gold nanoparticles using Rosa hybrida petal extract at room temperature,” Spectrochimica Acta A, vol. 79, no. 5, pp. 1461–1465, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. D. Parial, H. K. Patra, A. K. R. Dasgupta, and R. Pal, “Screening of different algae for green synthesis of gold nanoparticles,” European Journal of Phycology, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 22–29, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. K. B. Narayanan and N. Sakthivel, “Synthesis and characterization of nano-gold composite using Cylindrocladium floridanum and its heterogeneous catalysis in the degradation of 4-nitrophenol,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 189, no. 1-2, pp. 519–525, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. H. Bar, D. K. Bhui, G. P. Sahoo, P. Sarkar, S. Pyne, and A. Misra, “Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using seed extract of Jatropha curcas,” Colloids and Surfaces A, vol. 348, no. 1–3, pp. 212–216, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. H. Bar, D. K. Bhui, G. P. Sahoo, et al., “Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using latex of Jatropha curcas,” Colloids and Surfaces A, vol. 339, no. 1–3, pp. 134–139, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. E. J. Guidelli, A. P. Ramos, M. E. D. Zaniquelli, and O. Baffa, “Green synthesis of colloidal silver nanoparticles using natural rubber latex extracted from Hevea brasiliensis,” Spectrochimica Acta A, vol. 82, no. 1, pp. 140–145, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. N. H. H. Abu Bakar, J. Ismail, and M. Abu Bakar, “Synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles in natural rubber,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 104, no. 2-3, pp. 276–283, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. M. Abu Bakar, J. Ismail, C. H. Teoh, W. L. Tan, and S. Ong, “Epoxidised natural rubber-stabilised gold colloids prepared in an organic mixture of toluene and 2-propanol,” Journal of Rubber Research, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 196–208, 2008. View at Scopus
  29. D. L. S. Agostini, C. J. L. Constantino, and A. E. Job, “Thermal degradation of both latex and latex cast films forming membranes,” Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, vol. 91, no. 3, pp. 703–707, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. M. Ferreira, R. M. B. Moreno, P. S. Gonçalves, and L. H. C. Mattoso, Boletim de Pesquisa, EMBRAPA, São Carlos, Brazil, 1999.
  31. M. M. Rippel, Caracterização Microestrutural de filmes e partículas de látex de borracha natural [Ph.D. thesis], Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP) Instituto de Química, 2005.
  32. N. V. David, X. L. Gao, and J. Q. Zheng, “Stress relaxation of a twaron/natural rubber composite,” Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, vol. 133, no. 1, Article ID 011001, 9 pages, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. S. Fatima and A. R. Mohanty, “Acoustical and fire-retardant properties of jute composite materials,” Applied Acoustics, vol. 72, no. 2-3, pp. 108–114, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. A. J. Keslarek, C. A. P. Leite, and F. Galembeck, “Surfactant and counter-ion distribution in styrene-butyl acrylate-acrylic acid dry latex submonolayers,” Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 66–74, 2004. View at Scopus
  35. I. B. Cursi, M. A. Cipriani Frade, F. Fortes Andrade, et al., “Management of diabetic skin wounds with a natural latex biomembrane,” Medicina Cutanea Ibero-Latino-Americana, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 157–162, 2004. View at Scopus
  36. F. C. Cabrera, P. H. B. Aoki, R. F. Aroca, C. J. L. Constantino, D. S. dos Santos, and A. E. Job, “Portable smart films for ultrasensitive detection and chemical analysis using SERS and SERRS,” Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 474–477, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. C. G. Barboza, F. C. Cabrera, R. J. dos Santos, J. A. D. Saez, and A. E. Job, “The influence of natural rubber/Au nanoparticle membranes on the physiology of Leishmania brasiliensis,” Experimental Parasitology, vol. 130, no. 2, pp. 152–158, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. M. I. T. de Souza, J. Q. Silva, P. D. S. Gonçalves, et al., “Rubber tree exploitation systems utilized in Asian clones Prang Besar, in the West of São Paulo, Brazil,” Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira, vol. 42, no. 7, pp. 949–955, 2007. View at Scopus
  39. F. C. Cabrera, D. L. S. Agostini, R. J. dos Santos, S. R. Teixeira, M. A. Rodrıguez-Perez, and A. E. Job, “Characterization of natural rubber/gold nanoparticles SERS-active substrate,” Journal Applied Polymer Science, vol. 130, no. 1, pp. 186–192, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  40. A. M. Healey, P. J. Hendra, and Y. D. West, “A fourier-transform Raman study of the strain-induced crystallization and cold crystallization of natural rubber,” Polymer, vol. 37, no. 18, pp. 4009–4024, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. P. Nallasamy and S. Mohan, “Vibrational spectra of cis-1,4-polyisoprene,” The Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 17–26, 2004. View at Scopus
  42. M. A. de Paoli, Degradação e Estabilização de Polímeros, ChemKeys, 2nd edition, 2008.
  43. M. R. Slabaugh and S. L. Seager, Organic and Biochemistry for Today, 4th edition, 1999.
  44. S. Amnuaypornsri, J. Sakdapipanich, and Y. Tanaka, “Highly purified natural rubber by saponificaion of latex: analysis of green and cured properties,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 118, no. 6, pp. 3524–3531, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus