Table 1: Gelation behaviors via acids with single-alkyl substituent chains.

SolventsS-PC12S-PC14S-PC16S-PC18N-PC12N-PC14N-PC16N-PC18

AnilinePSPSG (2.0)PSPSPSPSPS
BenzeneSSPSPSPSPSPSI
AcetoneSPSIPSPSPSPSI
n-HexanePSPSPSPSPSPSPSI
TolueneSSPSPSPSPSPSPS
PyridineSSSSSSPSPS
CyclopentanoneSSIPSSSPSI
CyclohexanoneSSPSPSSSPSI
NitrobenzenePSPSG (2.0)G (2.5)PSPSPSPS
n-ButanolPSPSIPSPSPSPSPS
EthanolaminePSG (1.5)PSG (2.5)PSG (2.0)PSG (2.5)
n-Butyl acrylateSSIPSPSPSPSI
1,4-DioxaneSSPSPSPSPSIPS
Petroleum etherPSPSPSSPSPSPSI
Ethyl acetatePSPSPSPSPSPSPSI
ChloroformSSPSPSPSPSPSPS
DichloromethaneSSSPSPSPSPSI
THFSSSSPSPSPSPS
DMFPSPSPSPSPSPSPSPS
DMSOSSSSSSSS

DMF: dimethylformamide; THF: tetrahydrofuran; DMSO: dimethyl sulfoxide; S: solution; PS: partially soluble; G: gel; I: insoluble; for gels, the critical gelation concentrations at room temperature are shown in parentheses (% w/v).