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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 764095, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/764095
Review Article

The Mutual Beneficial Effect between Medical Imaging and Nanomedicine

1Key Laboratory for Biomechanics and Mechanobiology of Ministry of Education, School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
2Department of Interventional Radiology and Vascular Surgery, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, China
3Department of Nuclear Medicine, General Hospital of PLA, Beijing 100853, China

Received 13 June 2013; Accepted 15 July 2013

Academic Editor: Xiaoming Li

Copyright © 2013 Huiting Qiao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The reports on medical imaging and nanomedicine are getting more and more prevalent. Many nanoparticles entering into the body act as contrast agents, or probes in medical imaging, which are parts of nanomedicines. The application extent and the quality of imaging have been improved by nanotechnique. On one hand, nanomedicines advance the sensitivity and specificity of molecular imaging. On the other hand, the biodistribution of nanomedicine can also be studied in vivo by medical imaging, which is necessary in the toxicological research. The toxicity of nanomedicine is a concern which may slow down the application of nanomedical. The quantitative description of the kinetic process is significant. Based on metabolic study on radioactivity tracer, a scheme of pharmacokinetic research of nanomedicine is proposed. In this review, we will discuss the potential advantage of medical imaging in toxicology of nanomedicine, as well as the advancement of medical imaging prompted by nanomedicine.