Table 7: Details of IR spectrum of nano-zirconium tungstovanadate.

Wave number (cm−1)Significance

3000–3500 Hydroxostretcing vibrations (–OH groups)
1600–1630Deformation vibrations of coordinated water (H–O–H bonding)
1400–1420Vibrations due to metal hydroxyl groups (M–OH)
600–750Superposition of metal oxygen stretching vibrations (W–O, Zr–O, V–O).