Table 4: Reasons for supplement use by gender and age group ( 𝑛 = 1 8 6 ).

Reasons for supplement useGenderAge group (years)
MenWoman20–3030–4040–50

Disease prevention cluster
 Percentage (n)7.5 (10)69.2 (36)17.6 (21)22.0 (11)82.4 (14)
 Odd ratio (95% CI)1.00027.900 (11.655–66.787)1.0001.316 (0.581–2.984)21.778 (5.742–82.594)
P <0.001<0.001

Immunity/energy boosting cluster
 Percentage (n)9.7 (13)17.3 (9)12.6 (15)8.0 (4)17.6 (3)
 Odd ratio (95% CI)1.0001.948 (0.7778–4.880)1.0000.603 (0.190–1.916)1.486 (0.382–5.785)
P 0.1490.516

Muscle building cluster
 Percentage (n)85.1 (114)40.4 (21)81.5 (97)62.0 (31)41.2 (7)
 Odd ratio (95% CI)1.0000.119 (0.057–0.247)1.0000.370 (0.177–0.772)0.159 (0.054–0.463)
P <0.001<0.001

Weight/fat loss cluster
 Percentage (n)50.7 (68)23.1 (12)42.0 (50)52.0 (26)23.5 (4)
 Odd ratio (95% CI)1.0000.291 (0.141–0.603)1.0001.495 (0.770–2.903)0.425 (0.131–1.379)
P 0.0010.115

There are no missing data.
CI: confidence interval.