Table 3: Feed and dietary fibre intake, body weight gain, caecal content, caecal tissue weight, caecal pH, dietary fibre fermentability, and faecal wet and dry weight in rats fed diets containing blackcurrant, blackberry, and raspberry, with the same diets supplemented with L. plantarum HEAL19.

BlackcurrantBlackberryRaspberry
−HEAL19+HEAL19−HEAL19+HEAL19−HEAL19+HEAL19
MeanSEMeanSEMeanSEMeanSEMeanSEMeanSEBerryProBerry × Pro

Feed intake (g/d)11.90.0111.90.0311.10.311.20.3112.00.012.00.0<0.0011NSNS
Dietary fibre intake (g/5 d)4.80.04.80.04.50.14.50.14.80.04.80.0<0.0011NSNS
Body weight gain (g/g feed) 0.17ab0.010.24a0.010.17ab0.030.13b0.030.22a0.010.18ab0.020.018NS0.016
Caecal content (g)2.70.152.40.181.80.081.90.112.00.081.90.11<0.0012NSNS
Caecal tissue weight (g)0.70.020.70.010.40.010.40.010.40.010.50.01<0.0013NSNS
Caecal pH7.20.087.10.047.20.077.10.077.20.097.00.08NSNSNS
Fibre fermentability (%)72.33.077.82.064.41.061.81.061.31.262.51.5<0.0012NSNS
Faecal wet wt (g/5 d) 16.1c1.213.1b0.89.0a0.39.3a0.410.1a0.310.2a0.3<0.001NS0.032
Faecal dry wt (g/5 d)7.2a0.86.2ab0.56.4ab0.37.1a0.35.7b0.26.3ab0.20.032NS0.008
Faecal fibre residue (g/5 d)1.30.21.10.11.60.061.70.081.80.091.80.1<0.0014NSNS

Mean values with their SEM for seven rats per group.
1Values for groups fed blackberry were significantly lower than those fed blackcurrant and raspberry.
2Values for groups fed blackcurrant were significantly higher than those fed blackberry and raspberry.
3Values for groups fed blackcurrant were significantly higher than those fed blackberry and raspberry ( ), and groups fed raspberry were significantly higher than groups fed blackberry ( ).
4Values for groups fed blackcurrant were significantly lower than those fed blackberry and raspberry.
a,b,cMean values within a row, with unlike superscripts are significantly different ( ).